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Using Choice Experiments to Assess Peoples' Preferences for Railway Transports of Hazardous Materials

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  • Hiselius, Lena Winslott

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Lund University)

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    Abstract

    This paper investigates whether the choice experiment approach can be used to assess peoples’ preferences and the determinants of these preferences in order to estimate the costs and benefits of different configurations of transports of hazardous materials on railways. In the study, changes in the exposure to hazardous materials that affected people are subjected to are used rather than changes in the accident risk. To the best knowledge of the writer, this has not been done before when studying peoples’ preferences towards hazardous materials. The answering rate and various tests of validity and consistency indicate that this method can be applied. Using a mail survey carried out in two cities in Sweden, tentative estimates are obtained on willingness to pay for a reduction in exposure as well as willingness to accept an increase in exposure. Distance to the railway has an effect on peoples’ preferences, as does owning one’s residence. The result also shows that the level of information influences people’s preferences. Receiving only little information regarding railway transports of hazardous materials, people prefer a reduction in exposure more strongly than people receiving more extensive information. The results may provide guidance on changes in the transport of hazardous materials especially since the attributes presented here may be influenced by policy makers.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Lund University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2004:6.

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    Length: 22 pages
    Date of creation: 09 Feb 2004
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in Risk Analysis, 2005, pages 1199-1214.
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:lunewp:2004_006

    Note: For written correspondence the author's address is: Department of Technology and Society, Box 118, S-221 00 Lund, Sweden.
    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, Lund University, Box 7082, S-220 07 Lund,Sweden
    Phone: +46 +46 222 0000
    Fax: +46 +46 2224613
    Web page: http://www.nek.lu.se/en
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    Keywords: Transportation; Hazardous materials; Risk; Choice Experiments;

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    References

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    1. Adamowicz, Wiktor L. & Boxall, Peter C. & Williams, Michael & Louviere, Jordan, 1995. "Stated Preference Approaches for Measuring Passive Use Values: Choice Experiments versus Contingent Valuation," Staff Paper Series 24126, University of Alberta, Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology.
    2. Kahneman, Daniel & Knetsch, Jack L., 1992. "Valuing public goods: The purchase of moral satisfaction," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 57-70, January.
    3. Hausman, Jerry & McFadden, Daniel, 1984. "Specification Tests for the Multinomial Logit Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(5), pages 1219-40, September.
    4. Carlsson, Fredrik & Martinsson, Peter, 2001. "Do Hypothetical and Actual Marginal Willingness to Pay Differ in Choice Experiments?: Application to the Valuation of the Environment," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 179-192, March.
    5. Wheeler, Sarah Ann & Damania, Richard, 2001. "Valuing New Zealand recreational fishing and an assessment of the validity of the contingent valuation estimates," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 45(4), December.
    6. David Revelt & Kenneth Train, 1998. "Mixed Logit With Repeated Choices: Households' Choices Of Appliance Efficiency Level," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(4), pages 647-657, November.
    7. Algers, Staffan & Bergström, Pål & Dahlberg, Matz & Lindqvist Dillén, Johanna, 1998. "Mixed Logit Estimation of the Value of Travel Time," Working Paper Series 1998:15, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
    8. McIntosh, E. & Ryan, M., 2002. "Using discrete choice experiments to derive welfare estimates for the provision of elective surgery: Implications of discontinuous preferences," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 367-382, June.
    9. Johansson-Stenman , Olof & Svedsäter, Henrik, 2003. "Self Image And Choice Experiments: Hypothetical And Actual Willingness To Pay," Working Papers in Economics 94, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
    10. Wiktor Adamowicz & Peter Boxall & Michael Williams & Jordan Louviere, 1998. "Stated Preference Approaches for Measuring Passive Use Values: Choice Experiments and Contingent Valuation," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 80(1), pages 64-75.
    11. Louviere,Jordan J. & Hensher,David A. & Swait,Joffre D., 2000. "Stated Choice Methods," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521788304, April.
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    Cited by:
    1. Hiselius, Lena Winslott, 2005. "Preferences regarding road transports of hazardous materials using choice experiments - any sign of biases?," Working Papers 2005:30, Lund University, Department of Economics.

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