Resources and student achievement – evidence from a Swedish policy reform
AbstractThis paper utilizes a policy change to estimate the effect of teacher density on student performance. We find that an increase in teacher density has a positive effect on student achievement. The baseline estimate – obtained by using the grade point average as the outcome variable – implies that resource increases corresponding to the class-size reduction in the STAR-experiment (i.e., a reduction of 7 students) improves performance by 2.6 percentile ranks (or 0.08 standard deviations). When we use test score data for men, potentially a more objective measure of student performance, the effect of resources appears to be twice the size of the baseline estimate.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy in its series Working Paper Series with number 2007:26.
Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: 19 Oct 2007
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 2008, pages 277-296.
Student performance; teacher/student ratio; policy reform; differences-in-differences;
Other versions of this item:
- Peter Fredriksson & Björn �ckert, 2008. "Resources and Student Achievement-Evidence from a Swedish Policy Reform," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 110(2), pages 277-296, 06.
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
- I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2007-11-17 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2007-11-17 (Education)
- NEP-HRM-2007-11-17 (Human Capital & Human Resource Management)
- NEP-URE-2007-11-17 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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- Smyth, Emer & McCoy, Selina, 2009. "Investing in Education: Combating Educational Disadvantage," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number RS006.
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