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L'analytique et le synthétique en économie

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  • Philippe Mongin

    (CECO - Laboratoire d'econometrie de l'école polytechnique - CNRS : UMR7657 - Polytechnique - X)

Abstract

L'article se propose d'appliquer à l'économie la distinction, classique en philosophie des sciences, des propositions analytiques et synthétiques. Après avoir brièvement repris la théorie de cette distinction, il la fait jouer sur deux exemples micro-économiques (les définitions des biens Giffen et des biens substituts) et un exemple macro-économique (celui de l'équation quantitative de la monnaie). Il conclut que la distinction permet de clarifier, généralement sans les heurter, les distinctions spontanées des économistes. Dans le cas des biens substituts, elle permet de révéler au grand jour les difficultés de la définition hicksienne.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00242950.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00242950

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00242950/en/
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Related research

Keywords: Analytique; Synthétique; Quine; Biens Giffen; Substituts; Equation quantitative; Hicks; Friedman;

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  1. Hicks, J. R., 1986. "A Revision of Demand Theory," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198285502.
  2. Patinkin, Don, 1969. "The Chicago Tradition, the Quantity Theory, and Friedman," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 1(1), pages 46-70, February.
  3. Mongin, Philippe, 2005. "Value judgments and value neutrality in economics," MPRA Paper 37751, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Richard G. Lipsey & Gideon Rosenbluth, 1971. "A Contribution to the New Theory of Demand: A Rehabilitation of the Giffen Good," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 4(2), pages 131-63, May.
  5. Browning, M. & Chiappori, P.A., 1994. "Efficient Intra-Household allocations: A General Characterization and Empirical Tests," DELTA Working Papers 94-16, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  6. Battalio, Raymond C & Kagel, John H & Kogut, Carl A, 1991. "Experimental Confirmation of the Existence of a Giffen Good," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(4), pages 961-70, September.
  7. Vandermeulen, Daniel C, 1972. "Upward Sloping Demand Curves Without the Giffen Paradox," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(3), pages 453-58, June.
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