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Comparison between unitary and collective models of household labor supply with taxation

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  • Laisney, François
  • Beninger, Denis

Abstract

Several recent papers have shown the relevance of collective models for the empirical investigation of household labor supply and consumption. Yet the estimation of collective models in the presence of non-linear budget sets and participation decisions remains a daunting task. This paper compares collective and unitary models on the basis of simulated collective data with income taxation. We distinguish the cases of individual and joint taxation. Estimating the unitary model we obtain strikingly different ?preference? parameters depending on the type of taxation. We also obtain substantial differences between predicted adjustments to labor supply following a switch between tax regimes, and hence potentially wide-ranging definitions of revenue-neutral versions of tax reforms. Finally we discuss distortions affecting the welfare analysis of reforms on the basis of unitary estimates when the model generating the data is a collective model. The results suggest that increased efforts should be devoted to the estimation of collective models with taxation. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 02-65.

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Date of creation: 2002
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:539

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Keywords: Pareto optimal allocation; tax reform; simulated data;

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References

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  1. Bourguignon, F., 1999. "The Cost of Children: May the Collective Approach to Household Behavior Help?," DELTA Working Papers 1999-01, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
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  4. Vermeulen, F.M.P., 2002. "Collective household models: Principles and main results," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-3106943, Tilburg University.
  5. Daniel McFadden & Kenneth Train, 2000. "Mixed MNL models for discrete response," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(5), pages 447-470.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Bargain, Olivier, 2004. "Normative Evaluation of Tax Policies: From Households to Individuals," IZA Discussion Papers 1441, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Olivier Bargain & Miriam Beblo & Denis Beninger & Richard Blundell & Raquel Carrasco & Maria-Concetta Chiuri & François Laisney & Valérie Lechene & Nicolas Moreau & Michal Myck & Javier Ruiz-Castill, 2006. "Does the Representation of Household Behavior Matter for Welfare Analysis of Tax-benefit Policies? An Introduction," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 4(2), pages 99-111, 06.
  3. Bargain, Olivier & Moreau, Nicolas, 2006. "Effets d’une réforme fiscale sur l’offre de travail des ménages dans un cadre collectif simulé," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 82(1), pages 207-246, mars-juin.
  4. Maria Concetta Chiuri & Ernesto Longobardi, 2002. "Welfare analysis of fiscal reforms in Europe: Does the representation of family decision processes matter? Evidence from Italy," series 0007, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Metodi Matematici - Università di Bari, revised Jan 2002.
  5. Hans G. Bloemen, 2010. "Income Taxation in an Empirical Collective Household Labour Supply Model with Discrete Hours," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 10-010/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  6. Laisney, François & Beninger, Denis & Beblo, Miriam, 2003. "Welfare Analysis of Fiscal Reforms: Does the Representation of the Family Decision Process Matter? Evidence for Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 03-31, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  7. Denis Beninger & François Laisney & Miriam Beblo, 2007. "Welfare analysis of a tax reform for Germany: a comparison of the unitary and collective models of household labour supply," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 20(4), pages 869-893, October.
  8. Bargain, O. & Beblo, M. & Beninger, D. & Blundell, R. & Carrasco, R. & Chiuri, M-C. & Laisney, F. & Lechene, V. & Moreau, N. & Myck, M. & Ruiz-castillo, J. & Vermeulen, F.M.P., 2006. "Evaluating the move to a linear tax system in Germany and other European countries," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-194162, Tilburg University.
  9. Laisney, François & Beninger, Denis & Beblo, Miriam, 2003. "Family Tax Splitting: A Microsimulation of its Potential Labour Supply and Intra-household Welfare Effects in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 03-32, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

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