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Les modèles non unitaires de comportement du ménage : un survol de la littérature

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  • Chiappori, Pierre-André

    (Columbia University)

  • Donni, Olivier

    (Université de Cergy-Pontoise)

Abstract

This paper examines the literature on non-unitary models of household behaviour. These models explicitly postulate that the household is made up of several persons with different preferences. They can be classified into two categories. On the one hand, cooperative (or collective) models suppose that the outcome of the decision process is Pareto efficient. On the other hand, non-cooperative (or strategic) models are based on the concept of Cournot-Nash equilibrium and, in that case, the outcome of the decision process is not necessarily efficient. Demand functions or labour supply functions derived from non-unitary models have to satisfy some restrictions that are different from Slutsky conditions. Moreover, in some circumstances, preferences of household members can be identified from observable behaviour. Cet article s’intéresse aux modèles non unitaires de comportement du ménage. Ces modèles supposent explicitement que le ménage est composé de plusieurs personnes ayant des préférences distinctes. Ils se classent alors en deux catégories principales : d’une part, les modèles coopératifs (ou collectifs), dans lesquels les allocations sont supposées efficaces au sens de Pareto, et d’autre part, les modèles non coopératifs (ou stratégiques) qui s’appuient sur la notion d’équilibre de Cournot-Nash. Dans ces modèles, les fonctions qui caractérisent le comportement du ménage doivent satisfaire des contraintes différentes des traditionnelles conditions de Slutsky. De plus, dans certains cas particuliers, les préférences des membres du ménage peuvent être identifiées à partir du comportement observable.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 82 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 (mars-juin)
Pages: 9-52

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:82:y:2006:i:1:p:9-52

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Cited by:
  1. Bargain, Olivier & Moreau, Nicolas, 2005. "Cooperative Models in Action: Simulation of a Nash-Bargaining Model of Household Labor Supply with Taxation," IZA Discussion Papers 1480, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Olivier Bargain & Miriam Beblo & Denis Beninger & Richard Blundell & Raquel Carrasco & Maria-Concetta Chiuri & François Laisney & Valérie Lechene & Nicolas Moreau & Michal Myck & Javier Ruiz-Castill, 2006. "Does the Representation of Household Behavior Matter for Welfare Analysis of Tax-benefit Policies? An Introduction," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 4(2), pages 99-111, 06.
  3. Anyck Dauphin & Abdel-Rahmen El Lahga & Bernard Fortin & Guy Lacroix, 2004. "Choix de consommation des ménages en présence de plusieurs décideurs," Cahiers de recherche 0433, CIRPEE.
  4. Luc Arrondel & Nicolas Frémeaux, 2013. ""For richer, for poorer": savings preferences and choice of spouse," Working Papers halshs-00786245, HAL.
  5. Hélène Couprie & Gaëlle Ferrant, 2012. "Welfare Comparisons, Economies of Scale and Equivalence Scale in Time Use," THEMA Working Papers 2012-43, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  6. Luc Arrondel & Nicolas Frémeaux, 2013. ""For richer, for poorer": savings preferences and choice of spouse," PSE Working Papers halshs-00786245, HAL.
  7. Frederic Vermeulen & André Watteyne, 2003. "Quand un et un ne font plus deux: calcul d'échelles d'équivalence intra-familiales au moyen d'un modèle collectif," Public Economics Working Paper Series wpechco, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën, Working Group Public Economics.

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