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Le choix d'un régime de change dans les pays émergents et en développement peut-il être optimal en dehors des solutions bi-polaires ?

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  • Jean-Pierre Allegret

    ()
    (GATE - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - CNRS : UMR5824 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - Ecole Normale Supérieure Lettres et Sciences Humaines)

  • Mohamed Ayadi

    ()
    (ISG - Institut supérieur de gestion - Université de Tunis)

  • Leila Haouaoui Khouni

    ()
    (ISG - Institut supérieur de gestion - Université de Tunis)

Abstract

Cet article analyse le choix du régime de change dans les pays émergents et en développement. Par rapport à la littérature existante, il s'en démarque en développant une approche à la fois théorique et empirique. Le modèle s'inscrit dans la littérature caractérisée par la détermination d'un indice d'intervention du taux de change. Les principaux facteurs présidents aux choix du régime de change optimal sont intégrés dans l'analyse, à savoir : le pass-through, la volatilité relative des chocs nominaux par rapport aux chocs réels, le biais discrétionnaire, le canal du crédit et l'effet bilan. Le modèle est testé empiriquement sur un échantillon de 43 pays émergents et en développement. Nous déterminons la probabilité d'occurrence d'un régime de change donné en prenant en compte les déterminants de notre modèle théorique. Nos résultats suggèrent que les régimes intermédiaires demeurent bien adaptés aux pays émergents et en développement.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00303718.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00303718

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Related research

Keywords: régimes de change ; pays émergents ; pays en développement ; modèle logit multinomial;

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References

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  1. Jacob A. Frenkel & Joshua Aizenman, 1983. "Aspects of the Optimal Management of Exchange Rates," NBER Working Papers 0748, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Corrinne Ho & Robert N. McCauley, 2003. "Living with flexible exchange rates: issues and recent experience in inflation targeting emerging market economies," BIS Working Papers 130, Bank for International Settlements.
  3. Eduardo Levy Yeyati & Federico Sturzenegger & Iliana Reggio, 2002. "On the Endogeneity of Exchange Rate Regimes," Business School Working Papers veintiuno, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella.
  4. Joshua Aizenman & Jacob A. Frenkel, 1984. "Optimal Wage Indexation, Foreign-Exchange Intervention and Monetary Policy," NBER Working Papers 1329, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Levy-Yeyati, Eduardo & Sturzenegger, Federico, 2005. "Classifying exchange rate regimes: Deeds vs. words," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(6), pages 1603-1635, August.
  6. Reinhart, Carmen & Rogoff, Kenneth, 2004. "The modern history of exchange rate arrangements: A reinterpretation," MPRA Paper 14070, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Michael W. Klein & Nancy P. Marion, 1994. "Explaining the Duration of Exchange-Rate Pegs," NBER Working Papers 4651, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Jean-Pierre Allegret & Mohamed Ayadi & Leila Haouaoui Khouni, 2007. "Volatilité des chocs et degré de flexibilité du taux de change," Post-Print halshs-00201227, HAL.
  9. Dubravko Mihaljek & Marc Klau, 2001. "A note on the pass-through from exchange rate and foreign price changes to inflation in selected emerging market economies," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Modelling aspects of the inflation process and the monetary transmission mechanism in emerging market countries, volume 8, pages 69-81 Bank for International Settlements.
  10. Hausmann, Ricardo & Panizza, Ugo, 2003. "On the determinants of Original Sin: an empirical investigation," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(7), pages 957-990, December.
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