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Virtual Teams: a Literature Review

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Author Info

  • Nader Ale Ebrahim

    ()
    (UM - University of Malaya - Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya)

  • Shamsuddin Ahmed

    (UM - University of Malaya - Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya)

  • Zahari Taha

    (UM - University of Malaya - Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya)

Abstract

In the competitive market , virtual teams represent a growing response to the need for fasting time-to- market, low-cost and rapid solutions to complex organizational problems. Virtual teams enable organizations to pool the talents and expertise of employees and non-employees by eliminating time and space barriers . Nowadays, companies are heavily investing in virtual team to enhance their performance and competitiveness. Despite virtual teams growing prevalence, relatively little is known about this new form of team. Hence the study offers an extensive literature review with definitions o f virtual teams and a structured analysis of the present body of knowledge of virtual teams. First, we distinguish virtual teams from conventional teams , different types of virtual teams to identify where current knowledge applies. Second, we distinguish what is needed for effective virtual team considering the people, process and technology point of view and underlying characteristics of virtual teams and challenges they entail. Finally, we have identified an d extended 12 key factors that need to be considered, and describes a methodology focused on supporting virtual team working, with a new approach that has not been specifically addressed in the existing literature and some guide line for future research extracted.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00593357.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Publication status: Published, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2009, 3, 3, 2653-2669
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00593357

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Related research

Keywords: Virtual team; Literature review; Effective virtual team;

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References

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  1. Boehe, Dirk Michael, 2007. "Product development in MNC subsidiaries: Local linkages and global interdependencies," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 488-512, December.
  2. Manju K. Ahuja & Dennis F. Galletta & Kathleen M. Carley, 2003. "Individual Centrality and Performance in Virtual R& D Groups: An Empirical Study," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 49(1), pages 21-38, January.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Nader Ale Ebrahim & Shamsuddin Ahmed & Zahari Taha, 2011. "Virtual R&D Teams: A potential growth of education-industry collaboration," Post-Print hal-00690028, HAL.
  2. Ale Ebrahim, Nader & Ahmed, Shamsuddin & Taha, Zahari, 2010. "Critical factors for new product developments in SMEs virtual team," MPRA Paper 26936, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 Jul 2010.
  3. Ale Ebrahim, Nader & Ahmed Shamsuddin & Abdul Rashid, Salwa Hanim & Taha, Zahari, 2012. "Effective Virtual Teams for New Product Development," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 1971-1985.
  4. Nader Ale Ebrahim & Shamsuddin Ahmed & Zahari Taha, 2009. "Virtual Teams for New Product Development: An Innovative Experience for R&D Engineers," Post-Print hal-00593361, HAL.
  5. Ale Ebrahim, Nader & Ahmed, Shamsuddin & Salwa Hanim, Salwa Hanim & Taha, Zahari, 2011. "Technology Use in the Virtual R&D Teams," MPRA Paper 36487, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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