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Male and Female Competitive Behavior - Experimental Evidence

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  • Marie-Claire Villeval

    ()
    (GATE CNRS)

  • Nabanita Datta Gupta
  • Anders Poulsen

Abstract

Male and female choices differ in many economic situations, e.g., on the labor market. This paper considers whether such differences are driven by different attitudes towards competition. In our experiment subjects choose between a tournament and a piece-rate pay scheme before performing a real task. Men choose the tournament significantly more often than women. Women are mainly influenced by their degree of risk aversion, but men are not. Men compete more against men than against women, but compete against women who are thought to compete. The behavior of men seems primarily to be influenced by social norms whose nature and origin we discuss.

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File URL: ftp://ftp.gate.cnrs.fr/RePEc/2005/0512.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE), Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS), Université Lyon 2, Ecole Normale Supérieure in its series Working Papers with number 0512.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:gat:wpaper:0512

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Keywords: Bargaining agenda; Efficient contracts; Right-to manage; Decision authority; Experiments;

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