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Endogenous Environmental Policy when Pollution is Transboundary

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  • Joachim Fuenfgelt
  • Guenther G. Schulze

    ()
    (Department of International Economic Policy, University of Freiburg)

Abstract

We analyze the formation of environmental policy to regulate transboundary pollution if governments are self-interested. In a common agency framework, we portray the environmental policy calculus of two political supportmaximizing governments that are in a situation of strategic interaction with respect to their environmental policies, but too small to affect world market prices. We show how governments systematically deviate from socially optimal environmental policies. Taxes may be too high if environmental interests and pollution-intensity of production are very strong; under different constellations they may be too low. Governments may actually subsidize the production of a polluting good. Politically motivated environmental policy thus may be more harmful to the environment as compared to the benevolent dictators’ solution. In other cases it may enhance environmental quality and welfare beyond what a benevolent government would achieve.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of International Economic Policy, University of Freiburg in its series Discussion Paper Series with number 14.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2011
Date of revision: Feb 2011
Handle: RePEc:fre:wpaper:14

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Keywords: Political economy; environmental policy; transboundary pollution; common agency; strategic interaction;

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