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Herding and Contrarian Behavior in Financial Markets - An Internet Experiment

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  • Mathias Drehmann
  • Jörg Oechssler

Abstract

We report results of an internet experiment designed to test the theory of informational cascades in financial markets. More than 6000 subjects, including a subsample of 267 consultants from an international consulting firm, participated in the experiment. As predicted by theory, we find that the presence of a flexible market price prevents herding. However, the presence of contrarian behavior, which can (partly) be rationalized via error models, distorts prices, and even after 20 decisions convergence to the fundamental value is rare. We also study the effects of transaction costs and the expectations of subjects with respect to future prices. Finally, we look at the behavior of various subsamples of our heterogeneous subject pool

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Econometric Society in its series Econometric Society 2004 North American Winter Meetings with number 55.

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Date of creation: 11 Aug 2004
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Handle: RePEc:ecm:nawm04:55

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Keywords: Herding; informational cascades; contrarian behavior; internet experiment;

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