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Haben gebildetere Mütter gewissenhaftere Kinder?: Soziale Herkunft und Persönlichkeitsentwicklung im frühkindlichen Alter

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  • Till Kaiser
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    Abstract

    Nicht-kognitive Fähigkeiten, die sich als relevant für Berufs- und Lebenserfolg erwiesen haben, wurden von der Soziologie lange nicht berücksichtigt. Ihre Wichtigkeit für die Positionierung in der Gesellschaft rückt sie jedoch mittlerweile immer mehr in den Fokus der soziologischen Ungleichheitsforschung und lässt die Frage aufkommen, inwiefern die Genese dieser Merkmale sozialstrukturell beeinflusst ist. Die Ergebnisse auf Basis von Daten der Mutter-Kind-Fragebögen des Sozioökonomischen Panels weisen darauf hin, dass bereits im frühkindlichen Alter die soziale Herkunft einen Einfluss auf die Genese des ungleichheitsrelevanten Persönlichkeitsmerkmals Gewissenhaftigkeit ausübt. Dies geschieht vor allem über die Erziehungspraktiken der Mutter. Diese konnten damit als spezifischer Reproduktionsmechanismus sozialer Ungleichheit identifiziert werden. In diesem Sinne versteht sich diese Studie als Beitrag zur fortschreitenden Integration nicht-kognitiver Fähigkeiten in die deutsche soziologische Ungleichheitsforschung.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) in its series SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research with number 509.

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    Length: 26 p.
    Date of creation: 2012
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    Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp509

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    Keywords: Soziale Ungleichheit; Persönlichkeit; Sozialisation; Gewissenhaftigkeit; frühe Lebensphasen;

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    1. Jürgen Schupp & C. Katharina Spieß & Gert G. Wagner, 2008. "Die verhaltenswissenschaftliche Weiterentwicklung des Erhebungsprogramms des SOEP," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 77(3), pages 63-76.
    2. Uhlig, Johannes & Solga, Heike & Schupp, Jürgen, 2009. "Bildungsungleichheiten und blockierte Lernpotenziale: welche Bedeutung hat die Persönlichkeitsstruktur für diesen Zusammenhang?," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 418-440.
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    5. Martin Diewald & Karl Ulrich Mayer, 2008. "The Sociology of the Life Course and Life Span Psychology: Integrated Paradigm or Complementing Pathways?," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 772, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
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    9. Anger, Silke & Heineck, Guido, 2010. "Cognitive Abilities and Earnings – First Evidence for Germany," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 699-702.
    10. Robert Haveman & Barbara Wolfe, 1995. "The Determinants of Children's Attainments: A Review of Methods and Findings," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 33(4), pages 1829-1878, December.
    11. Kirsten Wüst & Jürgen Volkert, 2012. "Childhood and Capability Deprivation in Germany: A Quantitative Analysis Using German Socio-Economic Panel Data," Social Indicators Research, Springer, Springer, vol. 106(3), pages 439-469, May.
    12. Lang, Frieder R. & John, Dennis & Lüdtke, Oliver & Schupp, Jürgen & Wagner, Gert G., 2011. "Short Assessment of the Big Five: Robust Across Survey Methods Except Telephone Interviewing," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 548-567.
    13. Cawley, John & Heckman, James & Vytlacil, Edward, 2001. "Three observations on wages and measured cognitive ability," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 8(4), pages 419-442, September.
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