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Technology adoption and the selection effect of trade

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  • Antonio Navas-Ruiz

    ()

  • Davide Sala

    ()

Abstract

The reallocation of output across plants and the productivity growth at individual plants are both important sources of productivity growth at the industry level. Recent evidence has shown that trade liberalization is related to both effects. While a trade model with firm heterogeneity can account for the first effect, it can not explain the second effect. We add to this model the option for firms to costly adopt more productive technologies and show that plant productivity actually rises in response to lower trade costs. Following trade liberalization, selection into exporting raises the market share only for some exporters. Therefore, a greater scale of operation amplifies their return from costly productivity-enhancement investments and leads a greater proportion of them to implement a more innovative technology.

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Paper provided by Universidad Carlos III, Departamento de Economía in its series Economics Working Papers with number we076737.

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Date of creation: Aug 2007
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Handle: RePEc:cte:werepe:we076737

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  1. Baldwin, Richard & Robert-Nicoud, Frédéric, 2005. "Trade and Growth with Heterogeneous Firms," CEPR Discussion Papers 4965, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Ariel Burstein & Marc J. Melitz, 2011. "Trade Liberalization and Firm Dynamics," NBER Working Papers 16960, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Long, Ngo Van & Raff, Horst & Stähler, Frank, 2011. "Innovation and trade with heterogeneous firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(2), pages 149-159, July.
  3. Navas Antonio & Licandro Omar, 2011. "Trade Liberalization, Competition and Growth," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 11(1), pages 1-28, May.
  4. Antonio Navas Ruiz, 2013. "Asymmetric trade liberalisation, sector heterogeneity andinnovation," FIW Working Paper series 127, FIW.
  5. Antonio Navas Ruiz, 2012. "Asymmetric trade liberalization, sector heterogeneity and industry productivity growth," Working Papers. Serie AD 2012-09, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  6. Peters, Katrin & Schnitzer, Monika, 2012. "Trade liberalization and credit constraints: Why opening up may fail to promote convergence," CEPR Discussion Papers 8942, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  7. Navas, Antonio & Sala, Davide, 2013. "Innovation and trade policy coordination: the role of firm heterogeneity," Discussion Papers of Business and Economics 18/2013, Department of Business and Economics, University of Southern Denmark.
  8. Navas, Antonio, 2012. "Asymmetric trade liberalization, sector heterogeneity and Innovation," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2012/05, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).
  9. Julian P. Christ & Patricia Hofmann, 2010. "International Openness and Patent Activity: First Descriptive Results Very preliminary draft," DEGIT Conference Papers c015_055, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  10. Aranzazu Crespo Rodríguez, 2012. "Trade, innovation and productivity," Working Papers 2012-06, Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados (IMDEA) Ciencias Sociales.

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