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Trade Liberalization, Competition and Growth

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  • Omar Licandro

    ()

  • Antonio Navas Ruiz

    ()

Abstract

Increasing evidence support the claim that international trade enhances innovation and productivity growth through an increase in competition. This paper develops a two-country endogenous growth model, with firm specific R&D and a continuum of oligopolistic sectors under Cournot competition to provide a theoretical support to this claim. Since countries are assumed to produce the same set of varieties, trade openness makes markets more competitive, reducing prices and increasing quantities. Under Cournot competition, trade is pro-competitive. Since firms undertake cost reducing innovations, the increase in production induced by a more competitive market push firms to innovate more. Consequently, a reduction on trade barriers enhances growth by reducing domestic firm's market power.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC) in its series UFAE and IAE Working Papers with number 806.10.

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Length: 16
Date of creation: 04 Mar 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:aub:autbar:806.10

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Keywords: Trade Openness; Growth; Competition;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Giammario Impullitti & Omar Licandro, 2010. "Trade, Firm selection, and innovation: the competition channel," UFAE and IAE Working Papers 841.10, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC).
  2. Navas, Antonio, 2012. "Asymmetric trade liberalization, sector heterogeneity and Innovation," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2012/05, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).
  3. Giammario Impullitti, 2008. "International Competition and U.S. R&D Subsidies: A Quantitative Welfare Analysis," Economic Reports 15-08, FEDEA.
  4. Stracca, Livio, 2013. "The rise of China and India: blessing or curse for the advanced countries?," Working Paper Series 1620, European Central Bank.
  5. Ngo Van Long & Horst Raff & Frank Stähler, 2008. "Innovation and Trade with Heterogeneous Firms," Kiel Working Papers 1430, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  6. Navas, Antonio, 2010. "La Apertura al Comercio Exterior y sus Efectos sobre la Productividad en Presencia de Diferencias Intersectoriales," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2010/04, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).
  7. Antonio Navas Ruiz, 2012. "Asymmetric trade liberalization, sector heterogeneity and industry productivity growth," Working Papers. Serie AD 2012-09, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  8. Armando Garcia Pires, 2012. "International trade and competitiveness," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 50(3), pages 727-763, August.
  9. Aldaba, Rafaelita M., 2014. "The Philippine Manufacturing Industry Roadmap: Agenda for New Industrial Policy, High Productivity Jobs, and Inclusive Growth," Discussion Papers DP 2014-32, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
  10. Antonio Navas Ruiz, 2013. "Asymmetric trade liberalisation, sector heterogeneity andinnovation," FIW Working Paper series 127, FIW.
  11. Baboo M. Nowbutsing & Sonalisingh Ramsohok, 2012. "The rise of China: a new fear of trade competition for Mauritius?," Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 5(2), pages 91-106, June.

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