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Endogenous market structure and the growth and welfare effects of economic integration

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  • Peretto, Pietro F.

Abstract

I study the growth and welfare effects of integration in a world economy populated by global oligopolists. For economies that move from autarky to trade, I show that growth and welfare rise because exit of domestic firms is more than compensated by entry of foreign firms so that integration generates a larger, more competitive market where firms have access to a larger body of technological spillovers that support faster growth. The effects of a gradual reduction of barriers to trade - a global reduction in tariffs - are different because economies start out from a situation where all firms already serve all markets. In this case, integration brings about a reduction of the global number of firms so that the variety of consumption goods and the diversity of innovation paths fall. The surviving firms, on the other hand, are larger and exploit static and dynamic economies of scale to a larger degree. These homogeneization and rationalization effects work in opposite directions. Under plausible conditions, the rationalization effect dominates and growth and welfare rise.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Duke University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 00-14.

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Date of creation: 2000
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Handle: RePEc:duk:dukeec:00-14

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Postal: Department of Economics Duke University 213 Social Sciences Building Box 90097 Durham, NC 27708-0097
Phone: (919) 660-1800
Fax: (919) 684-8974
Web page: http://econ.duke.edu/

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  1. Peretto, Pietro F, 1998. " Technological Change, Market Rivalry, and the Evolution of the Capitalist Engine of Growth," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 3(1), pages 53-80, March.
  2. Richard E. Baldwin & Rikard Forslid, 1996. "Trade Liberalization and Endogenous Growth: A q-Theory Approach," NBER Working Papers 5549, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Peretto, Pietro F., 1995. "Sunk Costs, Market Structure, and Growth," Working Papers 95-34, Duke University, Department of Economics.
  4. Peretto, P. & Smulders, J.A., 2002. "Technological distance, growth and scale effects," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-89730, Tilburg University.
  5. Backus, David K. & Kehoe, Patrick J. & Kehoe, Timothy J., 1992. "In search of scale effects in trade and growth," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 58(2), pages 377-409, December.
  6. Elias Dinopoulos & Peter Thompson, 1999. "Scale effects in Schumpeterian models of economic growth," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 157-185.
  7. Luis A. Rivera-Batiz & Paul M. Romer, 1991. "International Trade with Endogenous Technological Change," NBER Working Papers 3594, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Venables, Anthony J, 1987. "Trade and Trade Policy with Differentiated Products: A Chamberlinian-Ricardian Model," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 97(387), pages 700-717, September.
  9. Horstmann, Ignatius J. & Markusen, James R., 1986. "Up the average cost curve: Inefficient entry and the new protectionism," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(3-4), pages 225-247, May.
  10. Charles I. Jones, 1999. "Growth: With or Without Scale Effects?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(2), pages 139-144, May.
  11. Baldwin, Richard E. & Forslid, Rikard, 1999. "Incremental trade policy and endogenous growth:: A q-theory approach," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 23(5-6), pages 797-822, April.
  12. Luis A. Rivera-Batiz & Paul M. Romer, 1990. "Economic Integration and Endogenous Growth," NBER Working Papers 3528, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Baldwin, Richard E. & Forslid, Rikard, 1998. "Trade and growth Any unfinished business?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 42(3-5), pages 695-703, May.
  14. Venables, Anthony J., 1985. "Trade and trade policy with imperfect competition: The case of identical products and free entry," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1-2), pages 1-19, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Omar Licandro & Antonio Navas-Ruiz, 2007. "Trade Liberalization, Competition And Growth," Working Papers halshs-00354236, HAL.
  2. Minniti, Antonio, 2011. "Knowledge appropriability, firm size, and growth," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 438-454, September.
  3. Luca De Benedictis & Marco Gallegati & Massimo Tamberi, 2006. "Overall Specialization and Income: Countries Diversity," Working Papers 37-2006, Macerata University, Department of Finance and Economic Sciences, revised Oct 2008.
  4. Davis, Colin & Hashimoto, Ken-ichi, 2014. "Patterns of technology, industry concentration, and productivity growth without scale effects," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 266-278.
  5. Navas, Antonio, 2010. "La Apertura al Comercio Exterior y sus Efectos sobre la Productividad en Presencia de Diferencias Intersectoriales," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2010/04, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).
  6. Giammario Impullitti, 2010. "International Competition And U.S. R&D Subsidies: A Quantitative Welfare Analysis," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 51(4), pages 1127-1158, November.
  7. Luca Benedictis & Marco Gallegati & Massimo Tamberi, 2009. "Overall trade specialization and economic development: countries diversify," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 145(1), pages 37-55, April.
  8. Naito, Takumi, 2012. "A Ricardian model of trade and growth with endogenous trade status," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 80-88.
  9. Bas Straathof, 2004. "The Welfare Effects of Economic Integration when Products are Patented," DEGIT Conference Papers c009_024, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  10. Tapio Palokangas, 2005. "Common markets, economic growth, and creative destruction," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 10(1), pages 57-76, December.
  11. Giammario Impullitti, 2007. "International Schumpeterian Competition and Optimal R&D subsidies," Economics Working Papers ECO2007/55, European University Institute.
  12. K. Yamamoto & T. Morita & F. Cerina, 2013. "Integration and Welfare with Horizontal Multinationals," Working Paper CRENoS 201307, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
  13. Saade Chami & Selim Elekdag & Ivan Tchakarov, 2007. "What are the Potential Economic Benefits of Enlarging the Gulf Cooperation Council?," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(4), pages 521-548.

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