Trade, Growth, and Technology Equalization
AbstractTrade is shown to increase economic growth purely through comparative advantage without recourse to scale effects, technology transfer, research and development, or even international investment. The resulting growth rates are those that would result from technology transfer, even though no technology transfer actually occurs. A balanced growth rate exists, is identical for all countries and therefore the world, and is asymptotically stable if and only if each country has an absolute (not just comparative) advantage in something. When balanced growth does not exist, trade reduces but does not eliminate differences between countries’ growth rates. Trade therefore does not necessarily guarantee a stable world income distribution. The magnitude of trade's effect on growth depends on the goods imported, not those exported.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade in its series DEGIT Conference Papers with number c010_008.
Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2005
Date of revision:
trade; growth; technology equalization; comparative advantage; absolute advantage; world income distribution;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O4 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
- F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-12-01 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2006-12-01 (Development)
- NEP-INT-2006-12-01 (International Trade)
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