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Trade Liberalization, Competition and Growth

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  • Navas Antonio

    ()
    (Universidad de Alicante and Universidad Autonoma de Madrid)

  • Licandro Omar

    ()
    (IAE - CSIC (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas))

Abstract

Increasing evidence supports that international trade enhances innovation and productivity growth through an increase in competition. This paper develops a two-country endogenous growth model, with firm specific R&D and a continuum of oligopolistic sectors under Cournot competition to provide a theoretical support to this claim. Since countries are assumed to produce the same set of varieties, trade openness makes markets more competitive, reducing prices and increasing quantities. Since firms undertake cost reducing innovations, the increase in production pushes firms to innovate more. Compared to other oligopolistic competition models, we find a larger pro-competitive effect of trade on innovation under this framework, and this effect is increasing the larger the elasticity of substitution between products.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics.

Volume (Year): 11 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 (May)
Pages: 1-28

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Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejmac:v:11:y:2011:i:1:n:13

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Antonio Navas Ruiz, 2013. "Asymmetric trade liberalisation, sector heterogeneity andinnovation," FIW Working Paper series 127, FIW.
  2. Giammario Impullitti, 2008. "International Competition and U.S. R&D Subsidies: A Quantitative Welfare Analysis," Economic Reports 15-08, FEDEA.
  3. Navas, Antonio, 2012. "Asymmetric trade liberalization, sector heterogeneity and Innovation," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2012/05, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).
  4. Giammario Impullitti & Omar Licandro, 2010. "Trade, Firm selection, and innovation: the competition channel," UFAE and IAE Working Papers 841.10, Unitat de Fonaments de l'Anàlisi Econòmica (UAB) and Institut d'Anàlisi Econòmica (CSIC).
  5. Long, Ngo Van & Raff, Horst & Stähler, Frank, 2011. "Innovation and trade with heterogeneous firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(2), pages 149-159, July.
  6. Antonio Navas Ruiz, 2012. "Asymmetric trade liberalization, sector heterogeneity and industry productivity growth," Working Papers. Serie AD 2012-09, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  7. Stracca, Livio, 2013. "The rise of China and India: blessing or curse for the advanced countries?," Working Paper Series 1620, European Central Bank.
  8. Baboo M. Nowbutsing & Sonalisingh Ramsohok, 2012. "The rise of China: a new fear of trade competition for Mauritius?," Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 5(2), pages 91-106, June.
  9. Svetlana B. Avdasheva & Dina V. Tsytsulina, 2014. "The Effects Of Competition Policy: Merger Approval, Entry Barrier Removal, Antitrust Enforcement Compared," HSE Working papers WP BRP 34/FE/2014, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
  10. Aldaba, Rafaelita M., 2014. "The Philippine Manufacturing Industry Roadmap: Agenda for New Industrial Policy, High Productivity Jobs, and Inclusive Growth," Discussion Papers DP 2014-32, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
  11. Armando Garcia Pires, 2012. "International trade and competitiveness," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 50(3), pages 727-763, August.
  12. Navas, Antonio, 2010. "La Apertura al Comercio Exterior y sus Efectos sobre la Productividad en Presencia de Diferencias Intersectoriales," Working Papers in Economic Theory 2010/04, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).

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