A Cumulative Prospect Theory Approach to Option Pricing
AbstractIt is a well known empirical fact that actual option prices show persistent and systematic deviations from Black-Scholes option values. While a substantial number of enhancements have been proposed in the literature, these approaches typically leave investors’ preferences towards risk unmodified. In this paper we study option prices in an economy where investors are valuing call options according to the cumulative prospect theory of Kahneman and Tversky. We distinguish two prospect option pricing models, based on whether cash flows are either considered to be segregated or aggregated over time. These models are compared with the Black-Scholes model and the stochastic volatility model of Heston. Empirical analysis of European call options on the S&P 500 index shows that prospect option pricing models significantly improve the fitting performance compared with the Black-Scholes model and that especially the aggregated version’s performance is at least equivalent to the Heston model.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Luxembourg School of Finance, University of Luxembourg in its series LSF Research Working Paper Series with number 09-03.
Date of creation: 2009
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Prospect Theory; Framing; Mental Accounting; Risk Attitude; Loss Aversion; Probability Perception; Weighting Function; Stochastic Volatility; Option Pricing.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D01 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Microeconomic Behavior: Underlying Principles
- G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
- G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-01-10 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBE-2010-01-10 (Cognitive & Behavioural Economics)
- NEP-ORE-2010-01-10 (Operations Research)
- NEP-UPT-2010-01-10 (Utility Models & Prospect Theory)
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