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Child Care Provision: Semiparametric Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Mexico

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  • Dubois, Pierre
  • Rubio-Codina, Marta

Abstract

We semiparametrically estimate the impact of the Mexican conditional cash transfer program Oportunidades on the time mothers and older sisters spend taking care of children aged under 3, using the randomization of the program placement and the methodology in Lewbel (2000). Results support the existence of substitution effects: mothers in treatment households are more likely to substitute for their older daughters’ time to child care. As a result, daughters devote more time to schooling and less taking care of their younger siblings. Overall, total household time allocated to child care increases. These findings indicate that Oportunidades not only fosters human capital accumulation through keeping teenage girls in school but also through more and arguably better (mother provided) child care.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 7203.

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Date of creation: Mar 2009
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:7203

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Keywords: Child Care Provision; Conditional Cash Transfer Programs; Semiparametric Estimation; Substitution Effects;

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Cited by:
  1. Javier E. Báez & Adriana Camacho, 2011. "Assessing the Long-term Effects of Conditional Cash Transfers on Human Capital: Evidence from Colombia," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 008900, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  2. Matteo Bobba & Jérémie Gignoux, 2011. "Policy-Induced Social Interactions and Schooling Decisions," IDB Publications 65378, Inter-American Development Bank.
  3. Matteo Bobba & Jérémie Gignoux, 2014. "Policy Evaluation in the Presence of Spatial Externalities: Reassessing the Progresa Program," PSE Working Papers halshs-00646590, HAL.
  4. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00646590 is not listed on IDEAS

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