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Changes in the Gender Wage Gap and the Role of Education and Other Job Characteristics: Colombia 1994-2010

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  • Sara de la Rica

    ()

  • Luz Karime Abadía Alvarado

    ()

Abstract

This paper studies the adjusted gender wage gap in Colombia at different points of the distribution of wages and the effect of sample selection. We compare 1994 with 2010. A glass ceiling pattern is observed after controlling for observed characteristics in both years. In addition, the sample selection is found to underestimate the adjusted gender wage gap. The effects of education, type of contract and type of employment on the gender wage gap across the wage distribution are also analyzed using a Dinardo, Fortin and Lemieux (1996) (DFL) type methodology. Educational change has helped to reduce the gender wage gap, mainly at the top of the wage distribution. By contrast, the reduction in the proportion of workers in the public sector and the reduction of workers with indefinite contracts have contributed to increasing the gender gap. The type of employment affected is mainly at the top of the distribution whereas the type of contract affected is at the bottom.

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File URL: http://www.javeriana.edu.co/fcea/coleccion_universitas_Economica/Vol_11/Vol.11_8_2011.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD JAVERIANA - BOGOTÁ in its series VNIVERSITAS ECONÓMICA with number 010088.

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Length: 36
Date of creation: 30 Aug 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:col:000416:010088

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Related research

Keywords: Gender gap; floor and glass ceiling pattern; semiparametric; quantile regression; sample selection.;

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  1. Albrecht, James & Björklund, Anders & Vroman, Susan, 2001. "Is There a Glass Ceiling in Sweden?," IZA Discussion Papers 282, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Arango Luis Eduardo & Andrés Felipe Garcia & Carlos Esteban Posada, 2008. "La metodología de la Encuesta Continua de Hogares y el empalme de las series del mercado laboral urbano de Colombia," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  3. Alejandro Badel & Ximena Peña, 2010. "Decomposing the gender wage gap with sample selection adjustment: evidence from Colombia," Working Papers 2010-045, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  4. Alejandro Hoyos & Hugo Nopo & Ximena Pena, 2010. "The Persistent Gender Earnings Gap in Colombia, 1994-2006," Research Department Publications 4673, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  5. Diego F. Angel-Urdinola & Quentin Wodon, 2006. "The Gender Wage Gap and Poverty in Colombia," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 20(4), pages 721-739, December.
  6. Jaime Tenjo G & Rocío Ribero M. & Luisa Fernanda Bernat D., 2005. "Evolución De Las Diferencias Salariales Por Sexo En Seis Países De América Latina Un Intento De Interpretación," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 002656, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  7. Dinardo, J. & Fortin, N.M. & Lemieux, T., 1994. "Labor Market Institutions and the Distribution of Wages, 1973-1992: A Semiparametric Approach," Cahiers de recherche 9406, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  8. Luisa Fernanda Bernat, 2009. "¿Quienes son las mujeres discriminadas?: enfoque distributivo de las diferencias salariales por género," BORRADORES DE ECONOMÍA Y FINANZAS 005242, UNIVERSIDAD ICESI.
  9. David Card & Sara de la Rica, 2006. "Firm-level contracting and the structure of wages in Spain," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 59(4), pages 573-592, July.
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