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Financial Frictions and Real Devaluations

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  • Alvaro Aguirre
  • César Calderón
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    Abstract

    In this paper I study the effects of real exchange rate devaluations on output performance using a sample of large devaluation episodes for a group of emerging and developed countries. I find that balance sheet effects, captured by the interaction between the real exchange rate devaluation and the level of external indebtedness of the country, have a significant and negative impact on output. Nevertheless, there is also evidence of a positive effect of the real devaluation associated to the traditional expansionary effect. For countries with large foreign-denominated external debt, the combined effect of the real exchange rate depreciation is likely to generate significant output losses in the short-run. However, in the medium term, the expansionary effect of the real devaluation tends to dominate the balance sheet effect, which implies a positive effect on output in the medium term. Finally, countries with deeper financial market experience lower output losses following a devaluation.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Working Papers Central Bank of Chile with number 318.

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    Date of creation: May 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchwp:318

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    1. Philip Lane & Gian Maria Milesi-Ferretti, 2001. "THE EXTERNAL WEALTH OF NATIONS: Measures of Foreign Assets and Liabilities For Industrial and Developing Countries," Trinity Economics Papers 20014, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
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    3. Beck, T.H.L. & Levine, R. & Loayza, N., 2000. "Financial intermediation and growth: Causality and causes," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-3125519, Tilburg University.
    4. Gian Maria Milesi-Ferrett & Assaf Razin, 1998. "Current Account Reversals and Currency Crises: Empirical Regularities," NBER Working Papers 6620, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    8. Frankel, Jeffrey A. & Rose, Andrew K., 1996. "Currency crashes in emerging markets: An empirical treatment," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-4), pages 351-366, November.
    9. Ramkishen S. Rajan & Chung-Hua Shen, 2002. "Are crisis-induced devaluations contractionary?," Pacific Basin Working Paper Series 2002-06, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    10. Krugman, Paul, 1979. "A Model of Balance-of-Payments Crises," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 11(3), pages 311-25, August.
    11. Bernanke, Ben & Gertler, Mark, 1989. "Agency Costs, Net Worth, and Business Fluctuations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(1), pages 14-31, March.
    12. Enrique G. Mendoza & Katherine A. Smith, 2002. "Margin Calls, Trading Costs, and Asset Prices in Emerging Markets: The Finanical Mechanics of the 'Sudden Stop' Phenomenon," NBER Working Papers 9286, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Ratna Sahay & Deepak Mishra & Poonam Gupta, 2003. "Output Response to Currency Crises," IMF Working Papers 03/230, International Monetary Fund.
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