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Cost-Effective Prevention of Diarrheal Diseases: A Critical Review

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  • Michael Kremer

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  • Alix Peterson Zwane
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    Abstract

    This paper critically reviews the existing research on the cost-effective prevention and treatment of diarrheal diseases, and identifies research priorities in this area aimed at finding ways to reduce the diarrheal disease burden. In contrast to the empirical knowledge base that exists for traditional child health programs to reduce diarrheal morbidity and mortality, evidence on the relative effectiveness and costeffectiveness of various environmental health interventions is limited and subject to significant methodological concerns. There is a limited understanding of the determinants of longterm water and sanitation technology adoption and behavior change at the individual level. Even less is known about how collective action problems in water and sanitation infrastructure maintenance can be overcome. An agenda for future research includes evaluating alternative transmission interruption mechanisms, improving understanding of the determinants of individual-level technology adoption in the water and sanitation sector, and assessing the quality of infrastructure maintenance under different management schemes.

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    File URL: http://www.cgdev.org/files/13495_file_Kremer_Diarrheal_Prevention.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Center for Global Development in its series Working Papers with number 117.

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    Length: 44 pages
    Date of creation: Apr 2007
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:cgd:wpaper:117

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    Web page: http://www.cgdev.org

    Related research

    Keywords: Diarrheal Diseases; Global Health;

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    References

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    Cited by:
    1. Santosh, Kumar & Sebastian, Vollmer, 2011. "Does improved sanitation reduce diarrhea in children in rural India?," MPRA Paper 31804, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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