The effect of a national control of diarrheal diseases program on mortality: The case of Egypt
AbstractThe National Control of Diarrheal Diseases Project (NCDDP) of Egypt began in 1981, became fully operational nation-wide by 1984, and concluded in 1991. The project was designed as a campaign to lower mortality from diarrheal disease in children under five by at least 25% within five years. The principal strategy employed was to improve case-management of diarrhea through rehydration and better feeding: through assured production and distribution of oral rehydration salts, education of families through mass media and health workers through training programs, and creation of rehydration corners throughout the established primary health care and hospital network. A detailed plan for evaluation and research was designed at the start of the project. By its own terms, the NCDDP appears to have succeeded in improving case management; by several local and national mortality surveys, overall infant and childhood mortality fell by at least one-third with the majority proportion in diarrheal deaths. The declines coincided with the peak of NCDDP activities and results in improved case-management. The detailed analyses of this monograph seek to demonstrate that: (a) the mortality decline and the diarrheal mortality decline in particular were actual events; (b) that case-management improved with plausible sufficiency to account for most of the diarrheal mortality reduction; and (c) that changes in other proximate determinants to lowered mortality, such as host resistance or diarrheal incidence, do not plausibly account for the magnitude of the reductions seen. Data are also presented on general socio-economic changes in the decade of the Project. We conclude that improvements in primary care delivery and the use of mass media would have been facilitating factors to NCDDP efforts, while the overall deterioration of economic status would have tended to reduce the benefits. The monograph details the strengths and weaknesses of the available data, and also makes recommendations for sustained efforts in the control of diarrheal diseases.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Social Science & Medicine.
Volume (Year): 40 (1995)
Issue (Month): 10 (May)
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/315/description#description
You can help add them by filling out this form.
CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
- Michael Kremer & Alix Peterson Zwane, 2007. "Cost-Effective Prevention of Diarrheal Diseases: A Critical Review," Working Papers 117, Center for Global Development.
- Michael Kremer, 2007. "What Works in Fighting Diarrheal Diseases in Developing Countries? A Critical Review," NBER Working Papers 12987, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Zhang, Lei).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.