Access to Improved Water Sources and Rural Productivity: Analytical Framework and Cross-country Evidence
AbstractIn this paper we address the issue of access to drinking water in rural areas related to the productivity of the agricultural workforce. Considering an agricultural household model as our basic conceptual framework, we analyze the theoretical aspects of increasing the access rate to drinking water on the productivity of the agricultural workforce. First, we show that the increased access rate to drinking water is conducive to agricultural productivity due to increased intrinsic productivity of individuals and additional gain in time for agricultural production. Second, it comes out that the constraints on the access to drinking water may be costly costs in terms of decreased productivity and well-being of rural people. Moreover, the results of econometric estimates do not reject our theoretical implications. On a sample of 27 African countries, these results show mainly that access to clean water improves agricultural productivity. This positive effect is reinforced by the presence of a better sanitation system, even after controlling for country-specific effects and for the characteristics of rural areas. Nous abordons la question de lâaccÃ¨s Ã lâeau potable en milieu rural en relation avec la productivitÃ© de la main dâÅuvre agricole. Sur la base du cadre dâanalyse des mÃ©nages agricoles, nous analysons les aspects thÃ©oriques des effets dâun accroissement du taux dâaccÃ¨s Ã lâeau potable sur la productivitÃ© de la main dâÅuvre agricole. En premier lieu, nous montrons qu'une augmentation du taux d'accÃ¨s Ã lâeau potable est propice Ã la productivitÃ© agricole du fait de l'accroissement de la productivitÃ© intrinsÃ¨que des individus et du gain additionnel de temps pour la production agricole. Dâautre part, il ressort que les contraintes dâaccÃ¨s Ã lâeau potable sont susceptibles dâimposer des coÃ»ts en termes de baisse de productivitÃ© et de bien-Ãªtre aux populations rurales. En outre, les rÃ©sultats Ã©conomÃ©triques ne rejettent p
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by African Development Bank in its journal African Development Review.
Volume (Year): 24 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
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Other versions of this item:
- Youssouf Kiendrebeogo, 2012. "Access to Improved Water Sources and Rural Productivity: Analytical Framework and Cross-country Evidence," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 24(2), pages 153-166, 06.
- Youssouf Kiendrebeogo, 2011. "Access to Improved Water Sources and Rural Productivity: Analytical Framework and Cross-country Evidence," Documents de travail 165, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
- Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
- Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
- Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
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