Long-Run Impacts of Unions on Firms: New Evidence from Financial Markets, 1961-1999
AbstractWe estimate the effect of new unionization on firmsâ€™ equity value over the 1961-1999 period using a newly assembled sample of National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) representation elections matched to stock market data. Event-study estimates show an average union effect on the equity value of the firm equivalent to a cost of at least $40,500 per unionized worker. At the same time, point estimates from a regression-discontinuity design â€“ comparing the stock market impact of close union election wins to close losses â€“ are considerably maller and close to zero. We find a negative relationship between the cumulative abnormal returns and the vote share in support of the union, allowing us to reconcile these seemingly contradictory findings. Using the magnitudes from the analysis, we calibrate a structural â€œmedian voterâ€ model of endogenous union determination in order to conduct counterfactual policy simulations of policies that would marginally increase the ease of unionization.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute of Industrial Relations, UC Berkeley in its series Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, Working Paper Series with number qt1j93n8gj.
Date of creation: 02 Jan 2009
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