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The Political Economy of International Migration in a Ricardo-Viner Model

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  • Jaime MELO DE

    ()
    (Université Genève)

  • Jean Marie GRETHER

    (Université Genève)

  • Jean Claude MULLER

Abstract

Determinants of national policies towards immigration are analysed in the context of an economy open to international trade. Arguments for the existence of an "immigration surplus" are reviewed and followed by an interpretation of the principal contributions of the political economy literature in a Ricardo-Viner model in a direct democracy framework. A median voter model is grafted on several variants of the specific-factor open-economy model to discuss several recent changes in attitudes towards immigration (a stiffened stance, especially towards the unskilled) and in national policies ("melting-pot" vs. guest-worker programs, coexistence of legal and illegal immigrants, lax enforcement towards illegals).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CERDI in its series Working Papers with number 200021.

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Length: 38
Date of creation: 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cdi:wpaper:148

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References

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  1. Razin, Assaf & Sadka, Efraim, 1999. "Migration and pension with international capital mobility," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 74(1), pages 141-150, October.
  2. M. R. Rosenzweig & Stark, O. (ed.), 1997. "Handbook of Population and Family Economics," Handbook of Population and Family Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, edition 1, volume 1, number 1.
  3. Kenneth F. Scheve & Matthew J. Slaughter, 1999. "Labor-Market Competition and Individual Preferences Over Immigration Policy," NBER Working Papers 6946, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Edward E. Leamer & James Levinsohn, 1994. "International Trade Theory: The Evidence," NBER Working Papers 4940, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Bulow, Jeremy I & Summers, Lawrence H, 1986. "A Theory of Dual Labor Markets with Application to Industrial Policy,Discrimination, and Keynesian Unemployment," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 4(3), pages 376-414, July.
  6. Berry, R Albert & Soligo, Ronald, 1969. "Some Welfare Aspects of International Migration," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 77(5), pages 778-94, Sept./Oct.
  7. Assaf Razin & Efraim Sadka, 1992. "International Migration and International Trade," NBER Working Papers 4230, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Razin, A. & Sadka, E., 1992. "Resisting Migration: Wage Rigidity and Income Redistribution," Papers, Tel Aviv 28-94, Tel Aviv.
  9. Gordon H. Hanson & Antonio Spilimbergo, 1996. "Illegal Immigration, Border Enforcement, and Relative Wages: Evidence from Apprehensions at the U.S.-Mexico Border," NBER Working Papers 5592, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Gordon H. Hanson & Antonio Splimbergo, 1999. "Political Economy, Sectoral Shocks, and Border Enforcement," NBER Working Papers 7315, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Klaus F. Zimmermann, 1995. "Tackling the European Migration Problems," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 45-62, Spring.
  12. Wildasin, D.E., 1992. "Income Restribution and Migration," Papers, Indiana - Center for Econometric Model Research 92-003, Indiana - Center for Econometric Model Research.
  13. Schiff, Maurice, 1999. "Labor market integration in the presence of social capital," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 2222, The World Bank.
  14. Buckley, F. H., 1996. "The political economy of immigration policies," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 81-99, March.
  15. Findlay, Ronald, 1982. "International distributive justice : A trade theoretic approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 13(1-2), pages 1-14, August.
  16. Wildasin, D.E., 1991. "Ralaxation of Barriers to factor Mobilty and Income Redistribution," Papers, Indiana - Center for Econometric Model Research 92-009, Indiana - Center for Econometric Model Research.
  17. Ludema, Rodney D & Wooton, Ian, 1997. "Regional Integration, Trade, and Migration: Are Demand Linkages Relevant in Europe?," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 1656, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  18. Epstein, Gil S. & Hillman, Arye L., 2000. "Social Harmony at the Boundaries of the Welfare State: Immigrants and Social Transfers," IZA Discussion Papers 168, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  19. George J. Borjas, 1995. "The Economic Benefits from Immigration," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 3-22, Spring.
  20. Razin, Assaf & Sadka, Efraim & Swagel, Phillip, 2002. "Tax burden and migration: a political economy theory and evidence," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 85(2), pages 167-190, August.
  21. Kenneth F. Scheve & Matthew J. Slaughter, 1998. "What Determines Individual Trade Policy Preferences?," NBER Working Papers 6531, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  22. Trefler, Daniel, 1993. "International Factor Price Differences: Leontief Was Right!," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(6), pages 961-87, December.
  23. Djajic, Slobodan, 1997. "Illegal Immigration and Resource Allocation," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 38(1), pages 97-117, February.
  24. Razin, A. & Sadka, E., 1999. "Unskilled Migration: a Burden or a Boon for the Welfare State?," Papers, Tel Aviv 8-99, Tel Aviv.
  25. Benhabib, Jess, 1996. "On the political economy of immigration," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(9), pages 1737-1743, December.
  26. repec:fth:michin:449 is not listed on IDEAS
  27. Hillman, Arye L. & Weiss, Avi, 1999. "A theory of permissible illegal immigration," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 585-604, November.
  28. Shapiro, Carl & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1984. "Equilibrium Unemployment as a Worker Discipline Device," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 433-44, June.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Gordon H. Hanson, 2009. "The Economic Consequences of the International Migration of Labor," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, Annual Reviews, vol. 1(1), pages 179-208, 05.
  2. Gil S. Epstein & Odelia Heizler, 2007. "Illegal Migration, Enforcement and Minimum Wage," CReAM Discussion Paper Series, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London 0708, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  3. Giuseppe Russo, 2011. "Voting over Selective Immigration Policies with Immigration Aversion," CSEF Working Papers, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy 289, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
  4. Gordon Hanson, 2010. "The Governance of Migration Policy," Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(2), pages 185-207.
  5. Paolo E. Giordani & Michele Ruta, 2012. "Self-Confirming Immigration Policy," CESifo Working Paper Series, CESifo Group Munich 3762, CESifo Group Munich.
  6. Schiff, Maurice, 2007. "Optimal Immigration Policy: Permanent, Guest-Worker, or Mode IV?," IZA Discussion Papers 3083, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. de Melo, Jaime & Miguet, Florence & Müller, Tobias, 2002. "The Political Economy of EU Enlargement: Lessons from Switzerland," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 3449, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Federico Foders, 2003. "Long-Run Determinants of Immigration to Germany 1974-1999: A Ricardian Framework," Kiel Working Papers, Kiel Institute for the World Economy 1187, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  9. Artjoms Ivlevs, 2006. "Migration and Foreign Direct Investment in the Globalization Context: the Case of a Small Open Economy," Development Working Papers, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano 209, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.

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