Regional Integration, Trade, and Migration: Are Demand Linkages Relevant in Europe?
AbstractWe examine the consequences of increased economic integration between nations within a region. We adopt Krugman’s economic-geography model in which demand linkages can generate agglomeration of manufacturing activity. Manufacturing labour is assumed to be imperfectly mobile between countries. This constrains the forces of agglomeration within the region and suggests that the model may be applicable to Europe. We show that trade liberalisation may lead initially to partial agglomeration, then a re-industrialisation of the periphery. This argues in favour of a sequential approach to integration, with trade barriers being eliminated prior to a reduction in impediments to factor mobility.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 1656.
Date of creation: Jun 1997
Date of revision:
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Other versions of this item:
- Rodney D. Ludema & Ian Wooton, 1997. "Regional Integration, Trade, and Migration: Are Demand Linkages Relevant in Europe?," Working Papers 9704, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow, revised Jul 1997.
- Rodney D. Ludema & Ian Wooton, 1998. "Regional Integration, Trade, and Migration: Are Demand Linkages Relevant in Europe?," International Trade 9802001, EconWPA.
- F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
- F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
- F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
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