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Firm Export Dynamics and the Geography of Trade

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  • Lawless, Martina

    (Central Bank and Financial Services Authority of Ireland)

Abstract

Two recent trends in international economics have been an increased focus on the geography of trade (e.g. what factors determine where a country exports to) and the emergence of empirical work examining firm-level data on exporting activity. However, data limitations have prevented there being much progress in combining these two areas, because very few countries provide firm-level data breaking down firm exports by their destination. Eaton, Kortum and Kramarz (2004) have analysed such data for French firms but their study only uses a single cross-section of data. This paper uses a unique survey of Irish exporting firms over a five year period to fill some of the gaps in this empirical literature. With information on over fifty destinations, firm-level changes in market coverage and their contribution to net export growth are investigated. Firm involvement in individual export markets is found to be much more dynamic than export status. Entry and exit to markets is shown to be a quantifiably important component of overall export flows, with this factor becoming more important for less popular markets. The paper also shows how the patterns of entry and exit into export markets combine to determine the overall firm-level distribution of number of markets entered.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Central Bank of Ireland in its series Research Technical Papers with number 2/RT/07.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cbi:wpaper:2/rt/07

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  1. Quah, Danny, 1993. "Empirical cross-section dynamics in economic growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(2-3), pages 426-434, April.
  2. Jonathan Eaton & Zvi Eckstein, 1994. "Cities and Growth: Theory and Evidence from france and Japan," Boston University - Institute for Economic Development, Boston University, Institute for Economic Development 36, Boston University, Institute for Economic Development.
  3. Andrew Bernard & Joachim Wagner, 2001. "Export entry and exit by German firms," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, Springer, vol. 137(1), pages 105-123, March.
  4. Bernard, A., 1997. "Exceptional Exporter Performance: Cause, Effect, or Both?," Working papers, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics 97-21, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  5. Mark J. Melitz, 2002. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," NBER Working Papers 8881, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen & Peter K. Schott, 2005. "Importers, Exporters, and Multinationals: A Portrait of Firms in the U.S. that Trade Goods," NBER Working Papers 11404, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Jonathan Eaton & Marcela Eslava & Maurice Kugler & James Tybout, 2007. "Export Dynamics in Colombia: Firm-Level Evidence," NBER Working Papers 13531, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Jonathan Eaton & Samuel Kortum & Francis Kramarz, 2004. "Dissecting trade: firms, industries, and export destinations," Staff Report, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis 332, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  9. Thomas Chaney, 2013. "Liquidity Constrained Exporters," NBER Working Papers 19170, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Jonathan Eaton & Samuel Kortum, 2002. "Technology, Geography, and Trade," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 70(5), pages 1741-1779, September.
  11. Andrew B Bernard & Jonathan Eaton & J. Bradford Jensen & Samuel Kortum, 2000. "Plants and productivity in international trade," Working Papers, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau 00-08, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  12. Francis Kramarz & Jonathan Eaton & Samuel Kortum, 2005. "An Anatomy of International Trade: Evidence from French Firms," 2005 Meeting Papers, Society for Economic Dynamics 197, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  13. Anne Marie Gleeson & Frances Ruane, 2006. "Export dynamics in Small Open Economies: Indigenous Irish Manufacturing Exports, 1985-2003," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series, IIIS iiisdp140, IIIS.
  14. Andrew B Bernard & J Bradford Jensen, 2001. "Entry, Expansion, and Intensity in the U.S. Export Boom, 1987-1992," Working Papers, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau 01-09, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  15. Wagner, Joachim, 2003. "On the micro-structure of the German export boom: Evidence from establishment panel data, 1995 - 2002," HWWA Discussion Papers 249, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  16. Steven J. Davis & John C. Haltiwanger & Scott Schuh, 1998. "Job Creation and Destruction," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262540932, December.
  17. Thomas Chaney, 2008. "Distorted Gravity: The Intensive and Extensive Margins of International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 98(4), pages 1707-21, September.
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