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Trade, wages, and productivity

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  • Behrens, Kristian
  • Mion, Giordano
  • Murata, Yasusada
  • Südekum, Jens

Abstract

We develop a new general equilibrium model of monopolistic competition with heterogeneous firms, variable demand elasticity and multiple asymmetric regions, in which trade integration induces wage and productivity changes. Using Canada-US interregional trade data, we structurally estimate a theory-based gravity equation system featuring endogenous wages and productivity. Given the estimated parameter values, we first decompose ‘border effects’ into a ‘pure’ border effect, relative and absolute wage effects, and a selection effect. We then quantify the impacts of removing the trade distortions generated by the Canada-US border on regional market aggregates such as wages, productivity, markups, the mass of varieties produced and consumed, as well as welfare. Last, we extend the counterfactual analysis to the firm level by generating productivity distributions and their changes via simulation.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 7369.

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Date of creation: Jul 2009
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:7369

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Keywords: counterfactual analysis; endogenous markups; firm heterogeneity; general equilibrium; gravity equation system; monopolistic competition;

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References

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