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Cambios en la Estructura de los Salarios Urbanos en Colombia (1984-2000)

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  • Luis Eduardo Arango

    ()

  • Carlos Esteban Posada

    ()

  • José Darío Uribe

    ()

Abstract

Entre 1984 y 2000 se registraron variaciones importantes en la relación entre salarios de los trabajadores de mayor y menor nivel educativo. Entre 1992 y 1998 se presentó un incremento de esta relación que muy probablemente contribuyó a explicar la reversión de la tendencia previa a la desconcentración del ingreso ocurrida durante los años 90, mientras que lo contrario se observó en los períodos 1984-91 y 1999-2000. Nuestras estimaciones indican que tales variaciones de los salarios fueron causadas por movimientos de la relación entre demanda y oferta laboral, en consonancia con el modelo convencional de determinación de salarios. Además, no se rechaza la hipótesis de ocurrencia de un cambio técnico, al menos en un sentido laxo, intensivo en el uso de trabajadores del mayor nivel educativo durante los años 90 cuyo efecto en la demanda fue tan alto que no logró ser compensado por los aumentos en la oferta.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 297.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:297

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Keywords: Salarios relativos; función de producción CES; demanda y oferta de trabajo calificado; cambio técnico sesgado.;

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  1. van der Gaag, Jacques & Vijverberg, Wim, 1988. "A Switching Regression Model for Wage Determinants in the Public and Private Sectors of a Developing Country," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(2), pages 244-52, May.
  2. Branko Jovanovic & Michael M. Lokshin, 2004. "Wage Differentials between the State and Private Sectors in Moscow," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 50(1), pages 107-123, 03.
  3. Daron Acemoglu, 2000. "Technical Change, Inequality, and the Labor Market," NBER Working Papers 7800, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. David Autor & Lawrence Katz & Alan Krueger, 1997. "Computing Inequality: Have Computers Changed the Labor Market?," Working Papers, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section. 756, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  5. Shorrocks, A F, 1982. "Inequality Decomposition by Factor Components," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 50(1), pages 193-211, January.
  6. Katz, Lawrence F. & Autor, David H., 1999. "Changes in the wage structure and earnings inequality," Handbook of Labor Economics, Elsevier, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 26, pages 1463-1555 Elsevier.
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Cited by:
  1. Christian Manuel Posso Suárez, 2008. "Desigualdad salarial en Colombia 1984-2005: cambios en la composición del mercado laboral y retornos a la educación post-secundaria," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA 005003, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  2. Nancy Aireth DAZA BAEZ & Luis Fernando GAMBOA, 2013. "An approximation to the Informal-formal wage gap in Colombia 2008-2012," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN 011196, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  3. Carlos Medina & Christian Manuel Posso Suárez, 2010. "Technical Change and Polarization of the Labor Market: Evidence for Brazil, Colombia and Mexico," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA 007269, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.

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