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The Determinants of Bank Interest Spread in Brazil

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  • Tarsila Segalla Afanasieff
  • Priscilla Maria Villa Lhacer
  • Márcio I. Nakane
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    Abstract

    The behavior of bank interest spreads in Brazil reveal two stylized facts. First, a remarkable fall in the average rates since early 1999. Second, a strong and persistent dispersion of rates across banks. Such stylized facts suggest that both the time series and the cross section dimensions are important elements to understand the trend of the bank interest spread in the country. This paper makes use of panel data techniques to uncover the main determinants of the bank interest spreads in Brazil. A question that the paper aims to address is whether macro or microeconomic factors are the most relevant ones affecting the behavior of such rates. A two-step approach due to Ho and Saunders (1981) is employed to measure the relative relevance of the micro and the macro elements. The roles played by the inflation rate; risk premium, economic activity, required reserves (all macroeconomic factors) and CAMEL-type indicators (microeconomic factors) are highlighted. The results suggest that macroeconomic variables are the most relevant factors to explain the behavior of bank interest spread in Brazil.

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    File URL: http://www.bcb.gov.br/pec/wps/ingl/wps46.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department in its series Working Papers Series with number 46.

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    Date of creation: Aug 2002
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    Publication status: Published in Money Affairs, Vol. 15, no. 2 (Jul-Dec 2002): 183-207.
    Handle: RePEc:bcb:wpaper:46

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    Web page: http://www.bcb.gov.br/?english

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    References

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    1. Pedro H. Albuquerque, 2005. "Os Impactos Econômicos da CPMF: Teoria e Evidência," Public Economics 0511020, EconWPA, revised 26 Nov 2005.
    2. Pedro Cavalcanti Ferreira & Osmani Teixeira de Carvalho Guillén, 2004. "Estrutura Competitiva, Produtividade Industrial e Liberalização Comercial no Brasil," Revista Brasileira de Economia, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil), vol. 58(4), pages 507-532, October.
    3. Sandro Canesso de Andrade & Benjamin Miranda Tabak, 2001. "Is it Worth Tracking Dollar/Real Implied Volatility?," Working Papers Series 15, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    4. Eduardo Lundberg, 2000. "Monetary Policy and Banking Supervision Functions on the Central Bank," Working Papers Series 2, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    5. Emanuel-Werner Kohlscheen, 2000. "Estimating Exchange Market Pressure and Intervention Activity," Working Papers Series 9, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    6. Pedro H. Albuquerque, 2000. "An Information Theory Approach to the Aggregation of Log-Linear Models," Working Papers Series 4, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    7. Bonomo, Marco Antônio Cesar & Brito, Ricardo Dias Oliveira, 2001. "Regras Monetárias e Dinâmica Macroeconômica no Brasil: Uma Abordagem de Expectativas Racionais," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 410, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
    8. Benjamin Miranda Tabak & Sandro Canesso de Andrade, 2001. "Testing the Expectations Hypothesis in the Brazilian Term Structure of Interest Rates," Working Papers Series 30, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    9. Sergio Afonso Lago Alves, 2001. "Evaluation of the Central Bank of Brazil Structural Model's Inflation Forecasts in an Inflation Targeting Framework," Working Papers Series 16, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    10. Francisco Marcos Rodrigues Figueiredo, 2001. "Evaluating Core Inflation Measures for Brazil," Working Papers Series 14, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    11. Mauro Costa Miranda, 2001. "Crises Cambiais e Ataques Especulativos no Brasil," Working Papers Series 32, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    12. Victorio Y. T. Chu & Márcio I. Nakane, 2001. "Credit Channel without the LM Curve," Working Papers Series 20, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    13. Marcelle Chauvet, 2000. "Leading Indicators of Inflation for Brazil," Working Papers Series 7, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    14. Francisco Marcos R. Figueiredo & Roberta Blass Staub, 2001. "Algumas Considerações Sobre a Sazonalidade no IPCA," Working Papers Series 31, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    15. Paulo Coutinho & Benjamin Miranda Tabak, 2001. "Decentralized Portfolio Management," Working Papers Series 22, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    16. Marcelo Kfoury Muinhos & Sérgio Afonso Lago Alves & Gil Riella, 2002. "Modelo Estrutural com Setor Externo: Endogenização do Prêmio de Risco e do Câmbio," Working Papers Series 42, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
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    Cited by:
    1. López-Espinosa, Germán & Moreno, Antonio & Pérez de Gracia, Fernando, 2011. "Banks' Net Interest Margin in the 2000s: A Macro-Accounting international perspective," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 1214-1233, October.
    2. Gilberto Tadeu Lima & Antonio J. A. Meirelles, 2004. "A Macrodynamics Of Debt Regimes, Financial Instability And Growth," Anais do XXXII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 32th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 074, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    3. Sailesh Tanna & Kyriaki Kosmidou & Fotios Pasiouras, 2005. "Determinants of profitability of domestic UK commercial banks: panel evidence from the period 1995-2002," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2005 45, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.
    4. Jose M. Berrospide & Amiyatosh Purnanandam & Uday Rajan, 2008. "Corporate hedging, investment and value," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2008-16, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    5. Nelson Souza-Sobrinho, 2010. "Macroeconomics of bank interest spreads: evidence from Brazil," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 6(1), pages 1-32, January.
    6. Guilherme Jonas Costa da Silva & José Luís Oreiro & Luiz Fernando de Paula, 2007. "Macroeconomic Determinants of Bank Spread in Brazil: An Empirical Evaluation," Working Papers 0066, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Department of Economics.
    7. Leonardo S. Alencar, 2011. "Revisiting Bank Pricing Policies in Brazil: evidence from loan and deposit markets," Working Papers Series 235, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    8. Guilherme Jonas Costa da Silva & José Luís Oreiro & Luiz Fernando de Paula & Rogério Sobreira, 2007. "Macroeconomic Determinants Of Banking Spread In Brazil: An Empirical Evaluation," Anais do XXXV Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 35th Brazilian Economics Meeting] 098, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].

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