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Capital Requirements and Business Cycles with Credit Market Imperfections

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  • Pierre-Richard
  • K. Alper
  • L. Pereira da Silva

Abstract

The business cycle effects of bank capital regulatory regimes are examined in a New Keynesian model with credit market imperfections and a cost channel of monetary policy. Bank capital increases incentives for banks to monitor borrowers, thereby raising the repayment probability, and excess capital generates benefits in terms of reduced regulatory scrutiny. Basel I- and Basel II-type regulatory regimes are defined, and the model is calibrated for a middle-income country. Simulations of a supply shock show that, depending on the elasticity that relates the repayment probability to the bank capital–loan ratio, the Basel II regime may be less procyclical than a Basel I regime.

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Paper provided by Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department in its series Working Papers Series with number 231.

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Date of creation: Jan 2011
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Handle: RePEc:bcb:wpaper:231

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Luiz A. Pereira da Silva & Adriana Soares Sales & Wagner Piazza Gaglianone, 2012. "Financial Stability in Brazil," Working Papers Series 289, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
  2. Benjamin M. Tabak & Marcelo Yoshio Takami & J. M. C. Rocha & Daniel O. Cajueiro, 2011. "Directed Clustering Coefficient as a Measure of Systemic Risk in Complex Banking Networks," Working Papers Series 249, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
  3. R. P. Agenor & K. Alper & L. Pereira da Silva, 2013. "Capital Regulation, Monetary Policy, and Financial Stability," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 9(3), pages 198-243, September.
  4. Pierre-Richard Agénor & K. Alper & L. Pereira da Silva, 2012. "Sudden Floods, Prudential Regulation and Stability in an Open Economy," Working Papers Series 267, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
  5. Canuto, Otaviano, 2011. "How Complementary Are Prudential Regulation and Monetary Policy?," World Bank - Economic Premise, The World Bank, issue 60, pages 1-7, June.
  6. M. Falagiarda & A. Saia, 2013. "Credit, Endogenous Collateral and Risky Assets: A DSGE Model," Working Papers wp916, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  7. Pierre-Richard Agénor & Luiz A. Pereira da Silva, 2013. "Macroprudential Regulation and the Monetary Transmission Mechanism," Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series 185, Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
  8. Otaviano Canuto, 2011. "How Complementary Are Prudential Regulation and Monetary Policy?," World Bank Other Operational Studies 10089, The World Bank.
  9. A. R. Fonseca & F. González & L. Pereira da Silva, 2010. "Cyclical Effects of Bank Capital Buffers with Imperfect Credit Markets: international evidence," Working Papers Series 216, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
  10. Pierre-Richard Agénor & K. Alper & L. Pereira da Silva, 2012. "Sudden Floods, Macroprudential Regulation and Stability in an Open Economy," Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series 166, Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
  11. Luiz Awazu Pereira da Silva & Ricardo Eyer Harris, 2012. "Sailing through the Global Financial Storm: Brazil's recent experience with monetary and macroprudential policies to lean against the financial cycle and deal with systemic risks," Working Papers Series 290, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
  12. Roy Zilberman, 2012. "Supply Shocks and the Cyclical Behaviour of Bank Lending Rates under the Basel Accords," Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series 161, Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
  13. Milcheva, Stanimira, 2013. "Cross-country effects of regulatory capital arbitrage," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 5329-5345.

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