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Business Cycle and Bank Capital: Monetary Policy Transmission under the Basel Accords

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  • Alvaro Aguiar

    ()
    (CEMPRE, Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto, Portugal)

  • Ines Drumond

    ()
    (CEMPRE, Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto, Portugal)

Abstract

This paper improves the analysis of the role of financial frictions in the transmission of monetary policy and in business cycle fluctuations, by focusing on an additional channel working through bank capital. Detailing a dynamic general equilibrium model, in which households require a (countercyclical) liquidity premium to hold bank capital, we find that, together with the financial accelerator, the introduction of regulatory bank capital significantly amplifies monetary shocks through a liquidity premium effect on the external finance premium faced by firms. This amplification effect is larger under Basel II than under Basel I regulatory rules. Indeed, introducing bank capital enhances the role of financial frictions in the propagation of shocks, in line with arguments in related literature.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto in its series FEP Working Papers with number 242.

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Length: 55 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:por:fepwps:242

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Related research

Keywords: Bank capital channel; Bank capital requirements; Financial accelerator; Liquidity premium; Monetary transmission mechanism; Basel Accords;

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Cited by:
  1. Agénor, P.-R. & Alper, K. & Pereira da Silva, L., 2009. "Capital requirements and business cycles with credit market imperfections," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5151, The World Bank.
  2. Mendoza, Enrique G. & Quadrini, Vincenzo, 2010. "Financial globalization, financial crises and contagion," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(1), pages 24-39, January.
  3. Pierre-Richard Agenor & Koray Alper & Luiz Pereira da Silva, 2012. "Capital Regulation, Monetary Policy and Financial Stability," Working Papers 1228, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
  4. Tayler, William & Zilberman, Roy, 2014. "Macroprudential Regulation and the Role of Monetary Policy," EconStor Preprints 95230, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
  5. Ines Drumond, 2009. "Bank Capital Requirements, Business Cycle Fluctuations And The Basel Accords: A Synthesis," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(5), pages 798-830, December.
  6. Guangling (Dave) Liu & Nkhahle Seeiso, 2011. "Business Cycle and Bank Capital Regulation: Basel II Procyclicality," Working Papers 18/2011, Stellenbosch University, Department of Economics.
  7. Liu, Guangling (Dave) & Seeiso, Nkhahle E., 2012. "Basel II procyclicality: The case of South Africa," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 848-857.
  8. Jorge, José, 2009. "Why do bank loans react with a delay to shifts in interest rates? A bank capital explanation," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 799-806, September.
  9. M. Falagiarda & A. Saia, 2013. "Credit, Endogenous Collateral and Risky Assets: A DSGE Model," Working Papers wp916, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  10. Xiong , Qiyue, 2013. "The role of the bank lending channel and impacts of stricter capital requirements on the Chinese banking industry," BOFIT Discussion Papers 7/2013, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
  11. Ines Drumond & José Jorge, 2009. "Basel II Capital Requirements, Firms' Heterogeneity, and the Business Cycle," FEP Working Papers 307, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.

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