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Subsidies and agricultural employment: The education channel

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  • Berlinschi, Ruxanda
  • Swinnen, Johan F.M.
  • Van Herck, Kristine

Abstract

Agricultural employment in industrialized countries has been steadily decreasing despite important levels of farm subsidies. In this paper we provide a new explanation for this puzzle, namely the positive impact of subsidies on the education level of farmers’ children. If farmers are credit constrained, they may underinvest in their children’s education. By increasing farmers’ incomes, subsidies increase investment in education. If more educated children are less willing to become farmers, in the long term subsidies may lead to a reduction of labor supply in the agricultural sector. We provide both theoretical and empirical evidence supporting this argument. Keywords:

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Association of Agricultural Economists in its series 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil with number 126776.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:ags:iaae12:126776

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Keywords: Agricultural Employment; Structural change; Subsidies; Education; Credit Constraints; Agricultural and Food Policy; Labor and Human Capital;

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References

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  1. Stephan J. Goetz & David L. Debertin, 2001. "Why Farmers Quit: A County-Level Analysis," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 83(4), pages 1010-1023.
  2. Ky–sti Pietola & Minna V”re & Alfons Oude Lansink, 2003. "Timing and type of exit from farming: farmers' early retirement programmes in Finland," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 30(1), pages 99-116, March.
  3. Nigel Key & Michael J. Roberts, 2006. "Government Payments and Farm Business Survival," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 88(2), pages 382-392.
  4. Petrick, Martin & Zier, Patrick, 2010. "Regional employment impacts of Common Agricultural Policy measures in Eastern Germany: A difference-in-differences approach," Structural Change in Agriculture/Strukturwandel im Agrarsektor (SiAg) Working Papers 93158, Humboldt University Berlin, Department of Agricultural Economics.
  5. Stephan J. Goetz & David L. Debertin, 1996. "Rural Population Decline in the 1980s: Impacts of Farm Structure and Federal Farm Programs," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 78(3), pages 517-529.
  6. Kimhi, Ayal & Bollman, Ray, 1999. "Family farm dynamics in Canada and Israel: the case of farm exits," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 21(1), pages 69-79, August.
  7. Jeremy D. Foltz, 2004. "Entry, Exit, and Farm Size: Assessing an Experiment in Dairy Price Policy," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 86(3), pages 594-604.
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Cited by:
  1. Swinnen, Johan F.M. & Van Herck, Kristine & Vandemoortele, Thijs, 2012. "The Experience Economy as the Future for European Agriculture and Food?," Bio-based and Applied Economics Journal, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA), issue 1, April.

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