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Benefits, costs, and consumer perceptions of the potential introduction of a fungus-resistant banana in Uganda and policy implications

In: Genetically modified crops in Africa: Economic and policy lessons from countries south of the Sahara

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Author Info

  • Kikulwe, Enoch M.
  • Birol, Ekin
  • Wesseler, Justus
  • Falck-Zepeda, Jose Benjamin

Abstract

Banana is a staple crop in Uganda. Ugandans have the highest per capita consumption of cooking bananas in the world (Clarke 2003). However, banana production in Uganda is limited by several productivity con¬straints, such as insects, diseases, soil depletion, and poor agronomic practices. To address these constraints, the country has invested significant resources in research and development (R&D) and other publicly funded programs, pur¬suing approaches over both the short and long term. Uganda formally initi¬ated its short-term approach in the early 1990s; it involves the collection of both local and foreign germplasms for the evaluation and selection of cultivars tolerant to the productivity constraints. The long-term approach, launched in 1995, includes breeding for resistance to the productivity constraints using conventional breeding methods and genetic engineering. Genetic engineer¬ing projects in Uganda target the most popular and infertile cultivars that can¬not be improved through conventional (cross) breeding.

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Bibliographic Info

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This chapter was published in:

  • Falck-Zepeda, Jose Benjamin & Gruère, Guillaume P. & Sithole-Niang, Idah (ed.), 2013. "Genetically modified crops in Africa: Economic and policy lessons from countries south of the Sahara," IFPRI books, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), number 978-0-89629-795-1.
    This item is provided by International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in its series IFPRI book chapters with number 9780896297951-04.

    Handle: RePEc:fpr:ifpric:9780896297951-04

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    Related research

    Keywords: Uganda; East Africa; Africa south of Sahara; Africa; biotechnology; Transgenic plants; Risk assessment; Economic aspects; Biosafety regulations; Biotechnological safety; socioeconomic development; Genetically engineered organisms; Genetically modified foods; Data collection; genetic heterogeneity; ex-ante impact assessment; Ex-post impact assessment; Developing countries; bt cotton; maize; banana; Agricultural research;

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