Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Typologies: What types of foreign executives are appointed by local organisations and what types of organisations appoint them?


Author Info

  • Arp, Frithjof


Current issues in international human resource management include global careers that differ from traditional expatriate assignments. A number of foreign executives have in recent years been appointed to positions in the headquarter operations of culturally distant organisations. These appointments of foreign executives in local organisations (FELOs) can be viewed as a specific form of self-initiated expatriation (SIE), with several distinct types of FELOs found in fieldwork studies. This article offers typologies of the individuals and organisations involved in the FELO phenomenon. These typologies elucidate that FELO appointments do not necessarily indicate a geocentric hiring approach, and assist in identifying which FELO workplaces produce successful outcomes as well as those which are likely to fail. The applicability to other country contexts, implications for theory on diversity in management teams, and key criteria for FELO hiring practices are discussed. -- Zu aktuellen Themen der internationalen Personalforschung zählen globale Karrieren, die sich deutlich von traditionellen Auslandsentsendungen unterscheiden. In den letzten Jahren ist eine Anzahl ausländischer Führungskräfte in die Unternehmenszentralen kulturell ferner Organisationen verpflichtet worden. Diese foreign executives in local organisations (FELOs) können als spezifische Form selbstinitiierter Expatriierung (SIE) betrachtet werden, wobei in Feldstudien dezidiert unterschiedliche Typen von FELOs gefunden wurden. Dieser Artikel legt Typologien der im FELO-Phänomen involvierten Personen und Organisationen vor. Sie zeigen auf, dass die Verpflichtung ausländischer Führungskräfte nicht unbedingt auf geozentrische Personalpraktiken hinweist und helfen, erfolgreiche sowie zum Scheitern neigende Arbeitsverhältnisse zu identifizieren. Die Anwendbarkeit auf unterschiedliche Länderkontexte, Implikationen für Theorien über kulturelle Vielfalt in Managementteams und die wichtigsten Kriterien der FELO Einstellungspraxis werden erörtert. Thema: Führungskräfteauswahl; Executive Recruitment; Ausländische Arbeitskräfte, Interkulturelles Management, Cross-cultural Management; Typologien

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Article provided by ZBW - German National Library of Economics in its journal EconStor Open Access Articles.

Volume (Year): (2013)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 167-194

as in new window
Handle: RePEc:zbw:espost:85280

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Düsternbrooker Weg 120, 24105 Kiel / Neuer Jungfernstieg 21, 20354 Hamburg
Phone: +49 431 8814-1
Fax: +49 431 8814-520
Web page:
More information through EDIRC

Related research

Keywords: foreign executives; expatriates; self-initiated expatriation; cultural distance; typologies;

Other versions of this item:

Find related papers by JEL classification:


References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
as in new window
  1. Marianne Bertrand & Antoinette Schoar, 2006. "The Role of Family in Family Firms," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 20(2), pages 73-96, Spring.
  2. Harzing, Anne-Wil, 2001. "Of bears, bumble-bees, and spiders: the role of expatriates in controlling foreign subsidiaries," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 366-379, January.
  3. J Stewart Black & Mark Mendenhall, 1991. "The U-Curve Adjustment Hypothesis Revisited: A Review and Theoretical Framework," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 22(2), pages 225-247, June.
  4. Fraser, Donald R. & Zhang, Hao & Derashid, Chek, 2006. "Capital structure and political patronage: The case of Malaysia," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 1291-1308, April.
  5. Inkson, Kerr & Arthur, Michael B. & Pringle, Judith & Barry, Sean, 1997. "Expatriate assignment versus overseas experience: Contrasting models of international human resource development," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 351-368, January.
  6. Suutari, Vesa & Brewster, Chris, 2000. "Making their own way: international experience through self-initiated foreign assignments," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 417-436, January.
  7. Vance, Charles M., 2005. "The personal quest for building global competence: A taxonomy of self-initiating career path strategies for gaining business experience abroad," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 374-385, November.
  8. Weerawardena, Jay & Mort, Gillian Sullivan & Liesch, Peter W. & Knight, Gary, 2007. "Conceptualizing accelerated internationalization in the born global firm: A dynamic capabilities perspective," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 294-306, September.
  9. Zaheer, Srilata, 2002. "The liability of foreignness, redux: a commentary," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 351-358.
  10. Myers, Barbara & Pringle, Judith K., 2005. "Self-initiated foreign experience as accelerated development: Influences of gender," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 421-431, November.
  11. Jon M Shapiro & Julie L Ozanne & Bige Saatcioglu, 2008. "An interpretive examination of the development of cultural sensitivity in international business," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 39(1), pages 71-87, January.
  12. Lee, Chay Hoon, 2005. "A study of underemployment among self-initiated expatriates," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 172-187, May.
  13. Orly Levy & Schon Beechler & Sully Taylor & Nakiye A Boyacigiller, 2007. "What we talk about when we talk about ‘global mindset’: Managerial cognition in multinational corporations," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 38(2), pages 231-258, March.
  14. Kedia, Ben L. & Mukherji, Ananda, 1999. "Global managers: developing a mindset for global competitiveness," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 230-251, October.
  15. Mendenhall, Mark E. & Oddou, Gary, 1988. "The overseas assignment: A practical look," Business Horizons, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(5), pages 78-84.
  16. Richardson, Julia & Mallon, Mary, 2005. "Career interrupted? The case of the self-directed expatriate," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 409-420, November.
  17. Daniel Sullivan, 1994. "Measuring the Degree of Internationalization of a Firm," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 25(2), pages 325-342, June.
  18. Harvey, Michael & Reiche, B. Sebastian & Moeller, Miriam, 2011. "Developing effective global relationships through staffing with inpatriate managers: The role of interpersonal trust," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 150-161, June.
  19. John Nowland, 2008. "Are East Asian Companies Benefiting from Western Board Practices?," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, Springer, vol. 79(1), pages 133-150, April.
  20. Richard D Hays, 1974. "Expatriate Selection: Insuring Success and Avoiding Failure," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 5(1), pages 25-37, March.
  21. Stahl, Günter K. & Miller, Edwin L. & Tung, Rosalie L., 2002. "Toward the boundaryless career: a closer look at the expatriate career concept and the perceived implications of an international assignment," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 216-227, October.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)



This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.


Access and download statistics


When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zbw:espost:85280. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (ZBW - German National Library of Economics).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.