R&D cooperation versus R&D subcontracting: empirical evidence from French survey data
AbstractThis paper uses a survey of French firms active in R&D to identify the determinants of the trade-off between R&D subcontracting and R&D cooperation. We observe that R&D subcontracting is more likely than R&D cooperation when the partner is chosen on objective criteria, such as prices, quality certificates and geographic proximity. Subcontracting relationships also involve less uncertainty, are less likely to lead to patent deposits and less frequently involve public research institutions. These results are coherent with the hypothesis that R&D subcontracting mainly concerns standardized R&D processes.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Economics of Innovation and New Technology.
Volume (Year): 20 (2011)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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- Ufuk Akcigit & Douglas Hanley & Nicolas Serrano-Velarde, 2013. "Back to Basics: Basic Research Spillovers, Innovation Policy and Growth," PIER Working Paper Archive, Penn Institute for Economic Research, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania 13-051, Penn Institute for Economic Research, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania.
- Spyros Arvanitis & Florian Seliger, 2014. "Imitation versus Innovation: What Makes the Difference?," KOF Working papers, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich 14-367, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
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