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Offshoring and Product Innovation

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  • Naghavi, Alireza
  • Ottaviano, Gianmarco Ireo Paolo

Abstract

We propose an endogenous growth model with offshoring to investigate its effects on product innovation and growth in the country of origin. Offshoring is associated with reduced feedback from offshored plants to domestic labs as well as coordination problems between the offshored and domestic divisions of firms. Production and transport cost parameters affect the static decision to relocate plants but not R&D. Hence, offshoring may be chosen by firms when it damages the growth rate of their countries of origin. In particular, if offshoring reduces the feedback from plants to labs, it is likely to bring dynamic losses when the countries of origin are large, especially in sectors in which R&D is cheap and product differentiation is strong. It is also likely to slow growth in sectors in which contractual incompleteness gives a strong bargaining power to offshored divisions in intra-firm transactions.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 6008.

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Date of creation: Dec 2006
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:6008

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Keywords: growth; incomplete contracts; innovation; offshoring;

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References

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  1. Antras, Pol & Helpman, Elhanan, 2004. "Global Sourcing," Scholarly Articles 3196327, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  2. Alireza Naghavi & Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, 2008. "Outsourcing, Complementary Innovations and Growth," Center for Economic Research (RECent) 019, University of Modena and Reggio E., Dept. of Economics.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Daron Acemoglu & Gino Gancia & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2012. "Offshoring and directed technical change," Economics Working Papers 1362, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Apr 2013.
  2. Morita, Tadashi, 2012. "Dynamic analysis of location choice by multinational firms," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 1063-1076.
  3. Andreas Hoefele, 2013. "The Skill Content of Offshoring and Growth," Discussion Paper Series 2013_12, Department of Economics, Loughborough University, revised Oct 2013.
  4. Cassey LEE, 2012. "Knowledge Flows, Organization and Innovation: Firm-Level Evidence from Malaysia," Working Papers DP-2012-11, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).
  5. Bernhard Dachs & Bernd Ebersberger, 2013. "The Effects of Production Offshoring on R&D and Innovation in the Home Country," FIW Research Reports series V-001, FIW.
  6. Nuttapon Photchanaprasert, 2011. "Innovation and Production Offshoring: Implications on Welfare," Global COE Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series gd10-185, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  7. Alireza Naghavi & Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano, 2009. "Firm Heterogeneity, Contract Enforcement, and the Industry Dynamics of Offshoring," Development Working Papers 282, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  8. Zhihong Yu, 2012. "Openness, managerial incentives, and heterogeneous firms," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 51(1), pages 71-104, September.
  9. Frank A.G. den Butter & Christiaan Pattipeilohy, 2007. "Productivity Gains from Offshoring: an Empirical Analysis for the Netherlands," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 07-089/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  10. Giovanni Facchini & Thierry Verdier, 2009. "Symposium on organization, heterogeneity and trade," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 38(3), pages 433-436, March.
  11. Armando Garcia Pires, 2012. "International trade and competitiveness," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 50(3), pages 727-763, August.
  12. repec:dgr:uvatin:2007089 is not listed on IDEAS
  13. Tadashi Morita, 2010. "Dynamic analysis of outsourcing," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 100(2), pages 117-140, June.
  14. Charlie Karlsson & Gunther Maier & Michaela Trippl & Iulia Siedschlag & Robert Owen & Gavin Murphy, 2008. "ICT Diffusion, Innovation Systems, Globalisation and Regional Economic Dynamics: Theory and Empirical Evidence," Papers WP233, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  15. Sandro Montresor & Antonio Vezzani, 2014. "On the R&D giants' shoulders: Do FDI help to stand on them?," JRC-IPTS Working Papers on Corporate R&D and Innovation 2014-01, Institute of Prospective Technological Studies, Joint Research Centre.

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