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Hechos estilizados de la economía peruana

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  • Castillo, Paul
  • Montoro, Carlos
  • Tuesta, Vicente

Abstract

Este trabajo contribuye a la discusión de políticas macroeconómicas para la economía peruana, reportando un conjunto amplio de hechos estilizados para el periodo 1980-2005. La documentación de esto hechos permitirá una mayor comprensión de las características distintivas de Perú y por tanto servirá como herramienta de evaluación de modelos de comportamiento para la economía peruana. Los resultados de este trabajo se resumen a continuación: primero, se verifica un cambio importante en la estructura de la economía peruana en los 90's respecto a los 80's. En particular, en los 90's se observa una mayor apertura comercial y financiera, una mayor estabilidad de las políticas fiscal y monetaria, y una mayor profundización de los mercados financieros. Segundo, a raíz del cambio en la estructura y de la adopción del régimen monetario de metas explícitas de inflación en el año 2002, el comportamiento cíclico de las principales variables macroeconómicas ha cambiado significativamente. En particular, en comparación con el periodo previo (1980-1993), durante el último periodo (1994-2005) se observa: una considerable reducción en la volatilidad del producto (casi 4 veces) y de sus principales componentes, una mayor asociación de los términos de intercambio con el ciclo económico, una política fiscal menos pro-cíclica, y a partir del 2002, una mayor importancia de las tasas de interés en la evolución tanto del ciclo económico como de la inflación.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Banco Central de Reserva del Perú in its journal Revista Estudios Económicos.

Volume (Year): (2007)
Issue (Month): 14 ()
Pages: 33-75

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Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-14-02

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  1. Mark Aguiar & Gita Gopinath, 2004. "Emerging market business cycles: the cycle is the trend," Working Papers 04-4, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
  2. V. V Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe & Ellen R. McGrattan, 2002. "Can Sticky Price Models Generate Volatile and Persistent Real Exchange Rates?," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 69(3), pages 533-563.
  3. Kenneth Rogoff & William Brainard & George Perry, . "Global Current Account Imbalances and Exchange Rate Adjustments," Working Paper 33687, Harvard University OpenScholar.
  4. Paul Castillo & Carlos Montoro & Vicente Tuesta, 2013. "An Estimated Stochastic General Equilibrium Model with Partial Dollarization: A Bayesian Approach," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 24(2), pages 217-265, April.
  5. Philip R. Lane & Gian Maria Milesi-Ferretti, 2004. "The Transfer Problem Revisited: Net Foreign Assets and Real Exchange Rates," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 86(4), pages 841-857, November.
  6. Chang, Roberto & Kaltani, Linda & Loayza, Norman V., 2009. "Openness can be good for growth: The role of policy complementarities," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(1), pages 33-49, September.
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  8. Edward C. Prescott, 1986. "Theory ahead of business cycle measurement," Staff Report 102, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  9. Gonzalo Llosa & Vicente Tuesta & Marco Vega, 2006. "A BVAR Forecasting Model for Peruvian Inflation," Money Affairs, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, vol. 0(2), pages 117-141, July-Dece.
  10. Neumeyer, Pablo Andrés & Perri, Fabrizio, 2004. "Business Cycles in Emerging Economies: The Role of Interest Rates," CEPR Discussion Papers 4482, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  11. Agenor, Pierre-Richard & McDermott, C John & Prasad, Eswar S, 2000. "Macroeconomic Fluctuations in Developing Countries: Some Stylized Facts," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 14(2), pages 251-85, May.
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  13. Benigno, Gianluca, 2004. "Real exchange rate persistence and monetary policy rules," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(3), pages 473-502, April.
  14. Lawrence J. Christiano & Terry J. Fitzgerald, 2003. "The Band Pass Filter," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 44(2), pages 435-465, 05.
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  16. Luque, Javier & Vega, Marco, 2003. "Usando un modelo semi-estructural de pequeña escala para hacer proyecciones: Algunas consideraciones," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 10.
  17. Mendoza, Enrique G, 1995. "The Terms of Trade, the Real Exchange Rate, and Economic Fluctuations," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 36(1), pages 101-37, February.
  18. Fagan, Gabriel & Henry, Jérôme & Mestre, Ricardo, 2001. "An area-wide model (AWM) for the euro area," Working Paper Series 0042, European Central Bank.
  19. Rabanal, Pau & Tuesta Reátegui, Vicente, 2006. "Euro-Dollar Real Exchange Rate Dynamics in an Estimated Two-Country Model: What is Important and What is Not," CEPR Discussion Papers 5957, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Paul Castillo & Carlos Montoro & Vicente Tuesta, 2006. "An Estimated Stochastic General Equilibrium Model with Partial Dollarization: A Bayesian Approach," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 381, Central Bank of Chile.
  2. Soledad Feal Zubimendi & Mara Rojas & Mariana Inés Zilio, 2009. "Stylized Facts for the Argentine Economy," Ensayos Económicos, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department, vol. 1(56), pages 157-210, October -.
  3. Cabrera, Nilda & Bejarano, Edilean & Savino Portugal, Marcelo, 2011. "Preferences of the Central Reserve Bank of Peru and optimal monetary policy rules in the inflation targeting regime," Working Papers 2011-010, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  4. Carrera Cesar, 2012. "Estimating Information Rigidity Using Firms' Survey Data," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 12(1), pages 1-34, June.
  5. Salas, Jorge, 2009. "¿Qué explica las fluctuaciones de la inflación en el Perú en el periodo 2002-2008? Evidencia de un análisis VAR estructural," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 16, pages 9-36.
  6. Montoro Carlos & Moreno Eduardo, 2007. "Structural Fiscal Rules and The Business Cycle," Working Papers 2007-011, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  7. Montoro, Carlos & Moreno, Eduardo, 2008. "Reglas fiscales y la volatilidad del producto," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 15, pages 65-92.
  8. Orrego, Fabrizio, 2009. "Una nota sobre el crecimiento del crédito al sector privado en el Perú," Working Papers 2009-002, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.

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