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Independencia Legal y Efectiva del Banco Central de Reserva del Perú

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  • Tuesta Vicente

    ()
    (Banco Central de Reserva del Perú)

Abstract

Este documento resume los conceptos que sustentan la independencia del banco central (IBC) así como la evidencia empírica reciente respecto a los índices de IBC para el Banco Central de Reserva del Perú (BCRP). En particular, se describe cómo han evolucionado tanto la independencia legal (de jure) del BCRP así como sus componentes (independencia económica e independencia política) en comparación con los índices de otros países de la región y de la OECD. Adicionalmente, en línea con Cukierman (2007), se construye un índice de independencia efectiva (IIE) del BCRP (1994- 2007) el cual diverge del índice de independencia legal. Los resultados son los siguientes: En general, los índices de independencia legal reportan una mejora importante a partir de los 90´s en el Perú y las economías de la región. En el caso peruano, la mejora en el índice ha sido liderada principalmente por la mayor independencia económica. A pesar de que la independencia legal no ha cambiado desde el año 1993, la adopción del régimen de metas explícitas de inflación desde el año 2002, el uso de la tasa de interés de referencia como instrumento de política y una política fiscal menos pro-cíclica, han contribuido a alcanzar un mayor índice de independencia efectiva entre los años 1998 y 2007. La mayor independencia efectiva del BCRP es un elemento adicional que sustenta el éxito del BCRP en mantener inflaciones bajas, consistente con su objetivo de preservar la estabilidad de precios.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco Central de Reserva del Perú in its series Working Papers with number 2007-012.

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Date of creation: Aug 2007
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Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2007-012

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Phone: 427-6250 ext. 3841
Fax: 426-6125
Web page: http://www.bcrp.gob.pe
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Keywords: Independencia del Banco Central; Inflación;

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References

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  1. Paúl Castillo & Alberto Humala & Vicente Tuesta, 2012. "Regime shifts and inflation uncertainty in Peru," Journal of Applied Economics, Universidad del CEMA, vol. 0, pages 71-87, May.
  2. Kydland, Finn E & Prescott, Edward C, 1977. "Rules Rather Than Discretion: The Inconsistency of Optimal Plans," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 85(3), pages 473-91, June.
  3. Bernd Hayo & Stefan Voigt, 2005. "Inflation, Central Bank Independence and the Legal System," ICER Working Papers 02-2005, ICER - International Centre for Economic Research.
  4. Orrego, Fabrizio, 2007. "Autonomía del Banco Central de Reserva del Perú: Una perspectiva histórica," Revista Moneda, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 135, pages 16-22.
  5. Marco Arnone & Bernard J Laurens & Jean-Fran�ois Segalotto & Martin Sommer, 2009. "Central Bank Autonomy: Lessons from Global Trends," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 56(2), pages 263-296, June.
  6. Jean-François Segalotto & Marco Arnone & Bernard Laurens, 2006. "Measures of Central Bank Autonomy," IMF Working Papers 06/228, International Monetary Fund.
  7. Renzo Rossini Miñán, 2002. "Aspectos de la adopción de un esquema de metas explícitas de inflación en el Perú," Revista de Análisis del BCB, Banco Central de Bolivia, vol. 5(1), pages 47-67, June.
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