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Reglas fiscales y la volatilidad del producto

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  • Montoro, Carlos
  • Moreno, Eduardo

Abstract

En este trabajo extendemos el modelo neoclásico de Baxter y King (1993) para evaluar los efectos sobre el ciclo económico de dos reglas fiscales alternativas. Las reglas que analizamos son similares a aquellas implementadas en la práctica por algunos países, tales como limites al déficit fiscal estructural (que elimina los efectos del ciclo económico sobre la recaudación) y limites al déficit fiscal convencional. Enfocamos nuestro análisis en un modelo calibrado para reproducir las características de la economía Peruana. En este modelo evaluamos los efectos sobre la dinámica de corto plazo y las condiciones para la estabilidad del equilibrio. Encontramos que la regla de déficit económico estructural produce una postura contracíclica de la política fiscal, lo cual reduce significativamente la volatilidad del producto. Asimismo, encontramos que una condición para que la regla estructural pueda ser implementada es que el gasto público no financiero reaccione en proporción mayor a uno sobre cambios en los gastos financieros. Clasificación JEL: E62, H30, H60

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Banco Central de Reserva del Perú in its journal Revista Estudios Económicos.

Volume (Year): (2008)
Issue (Month): 15 ()
Pages: 65-92

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Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-15-04

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  1. Schmitt-Grohe, Stephanie & Uribe, Martin, 2007. "Optimal simple and implementable monetary and fiscal rules," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(6), pages 1702-1725, September.
  2. V. V. Chari & Lawrence J. Christiano & Patrick J. Kehoe, 1993. "Optimal Fiscal Policy in a Business Cycle Model," NBER Working Papers 4490, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Gali, Jordi, 1994. "Government size and macroeconomic stability," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 117-132, January.
  4. Castillo, Paul & Montoro, Carlos & Tuesta, Vicente, 2007. "Hechos estilizados de la economía peruana," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 14, pages 33-75.
  5. Guo, Jang-Ting & Harrison, Sharon G., 2004. "Balanced-budget rules and macroeconomic (in)stability," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 119(2), pages 357-363, December.
  6. King, R.G. & Baxter, M., 1990. "Fiscal Policy In General Equilibrium," RCER Working Papers 244, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  7. Stephanie Schmitt-Grohé & Martín Uribe, 2006. "Optimal Fiscal and Monetary Policy in a Medium-Scale Macroeconomic Model," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2005, Volume 20, pages 383-462 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Ludvigson, Sydney, 1996. "The macroeconomic effects of government debt in a stochastic growth model," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 25-45, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Winkelried, Diego, 2013. "Modelo de Proyección Trimestral del BCRP: Actualización y novedades," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 26, pages 9-60.

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