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The influence of public programs on inter-firm R&D collaboration strategies: project-level evidence from EU FP5 and FP6

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Author Info

  • Mireille Matt

    ()

  • Stéphane Robin

    ()

  • Sandrine Wolff

    ()

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    Abstract

    Inter-firms R&D collaborations are often seen as an effective mean to access new resources, to innovate and/or to enter new markets in a turbulent environment characterized by fierce competition. However, all R&D partnerships do not have the same strategic importance. We analyze the strategic features of two types of partnerships that are seldom compared in the academic literature on R&D alliances: EU-sponsored inter-firms collaborations on the one hand, and non-sponsored, spontaneous inter-firm collaborations on the other. We compare their incentives and coordination mechanisms, and derive theoretical propositions that we test empirically. Our econometric analysis uses original data on (sponsored and non-sponsored) projects conducted by participants in the 5th and 6th European R&D Framework Programs. Our empirical findings support our main propositions. EU-funded collaborations are more exploratory and more focused on peripheral competences than spontaneous R&D collaborations. They are also less flexible, due to rigid monitoring rules which are nevertheless crucial to the projects’ success. However, there is no major difference between the different types of EU-sponsored collaborations, which pleads for a simplification of these policy instruments. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s10961-011-9232-9
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Springer in its journal The Journal of Technology Transfer.

    Volume (Year): 37 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 6 (December)
    Pages: 885-916

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    Handle: RePEc:kap:jtecht:v:37:y:2012:i:6:p:885-916

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    Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=104998

    Related research

    Keywords: Strategic R&D collaborations; European framework programs; Research joint ventures; L21; L24; O31; O32;

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