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Protectionism versus risk in screening for invasive species

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  • Lawley, Chad
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    Abstract

    I examine the extent to which enforcement of a biosecurity import restriction – US border inspections for foreign pests and diseases – is used as a protectionist trade barrier. The parameters of a structural model of border inspection are estimated using a detailed dataset documenting the outcome of US agricultural border inspections. I find that inspections are conducted in a manner that places an implied welfare weight on domestic producers (relative to consumers) ranging from 1 to 1.63. I also find evidence that the inspection agency takes terms of trade into account when inspecting agricultural imports. These results suggest that border inspections are used as a protectionist non-tariff barrier.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Environmental Economics and Management.

    Volume (Year): 65 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 438-451

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jeeman:v:65:y:2013:i:3:p:438-451

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622870

    Related research

    Keywords: Biosecurity; Protectionism; Terms of trade; Non-tariff barrier; Border inspection; Invasive species;

    References

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