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Gender pairings and accountability effects

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  • Brandts, Jordi
  • Garofalo, Orsola

Abstract

We conduct an experiment to investigate how the gender composition of an audience interacts with the gender of a player thereby shaping her/his degree of responsibility in decision-making. Together with the measures of accountability based on decision theory, we employ two physiological measures, blood pressure and heart rate variability, which allow us to disentangle the separate effects of stress and accountability. Our results show that men are more sensitive to changes in the gender composition of the audience; specifically, men lower their accountability when paired with a female audience. By contrast, women display a level of accountability that does not change with gender pairing. Finally, we find that the variation in blood pressure has a significant but small effect only on men's behavior.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization.

Volume (Year): 83 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 31-41

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jeborg:v:83:y:2012:i:1:p:31-41

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jebo

Related research

Keywords: Accountability; Gender differences; Simple and compound events; Physiological measures;

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References

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  1. Dwyer, Peggy D. & Gilkeson, James H. & List, John A., 2002. "Gender differences in revealed risk taking: evidence from mutual fund investors," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 76(2), pages 151-158, July.
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  8. Muriel Niederle & Lise Vesterlund, 2007. "Do Women Shy Away from Competition? Do Men Compete Too Much?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 122(3), pages 1067-1101, 08.
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  14. Bram Cadsby, C. & Hamaguchi, Yasuyo & Kawagoe, Toshiji & Maynes, Elizabeth & Song, Fei, 2007. "Cross-national gender differences in behavior in a threshold public goods game: Japan versus Canada," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 242-260, April.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. repec:qut:qubewp:001 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Uwe Dulleck & Jonas Fooken & Cameron Newton & Andrea Ristl & Markus Schaffner & Benno Torgler, 2012. "Tax Compliance and Psychic Costs: Behavioral Experimental Evidence Using a Physiological Marker," QuBE Working Papers, QUT Business School 001, QUT Business School.
  3. repec:qut:qubewp:wp003 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Jonas Fooken & Markus Schaffner, 2013. "The role of psychological and physiological factors in decision making under risk and in a dilemma," QuBE Working Papers, QUT Business School 010, QUT Business School.
  5. Mathieu Lefebvre & Ferdinand Vieider, 2013. "Reining in excessive risk-taking by executives: the effect of accountability," Theory and Decision, Springer, Springer, vol. 75(4), pages 497-517, October.
  6. Xiao, Erte, 2012. "Justification and cooperation," MPRA Paper 36120, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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