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External finance and firm survival in the aftermath of the crisis: Evidence from Eastern Europe and Central Asia

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  • Clarke, George R.G.
  • Cull, Robert
  • Kisunko, Gregory

Abstract

We use two data sets to study how country and firm characteristics affected firms’ financial constraints and their likelihood of survival during the early phase of the recent global financial crisis in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (ECA), a region that was especially hard hit. The first data source provides information on the reported severity of financial constraints for 360 firms from 23 countries in 2002, 2005, and 2008. By following the same firms over time, we are able to summarize the gradual easing of financial constraints from 2002 to 2005 and their tightening during the crisis. Key findings are that financial constraints during the crisis were less severe in countries with well-established foreign banks (i.e. entered prior to year 2000), and that changes in the severity of financial constraints were more pronounced for large firms than others during the crisis (though large firms continued to have less severe constraints on average). The second data source provides information on whether firms remained in operation in 2009 in six ECA countries. Controlling for other relevant characteristics, firms were more likely to survive the crisis if they had access to external credit.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Comparative Economics.

Volume (Year): 40 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 372-392

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jcecon:v:40:y:2012:i:3:p:372-392

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622864

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Keywords: Firm behavior; Financial crises; Banking; Transition economies;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Clarke, George & Li, Yue & Xu, Lixin Colin, 2013. "Business environment, economic agglomeration and job creation around the world," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6706, The World Bank.
  2. Iwasaki, Ichiro, 2014. "Global financial crisis, corporate governance, and firm survival:," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 178-211.
  3. Castillo, Leopoldo Laborda & Guasch, Jose Luis, 2012. "Overdraft facility policy and firm performance : an empirical analysis in eastern European Union industrial firms," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6101, The World Bank.
  4. Gerlach, Petra & O'Connell, Brian & O'Toole, Conor, 2013. "SME Credit Constraints and Macroeconomic Effects," Papers, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) WP467, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
  5. Cull, Robert & Peria, Maria Soledad Martinez, 2012. "Bank ownership and lending patterns during the 2008-2009 financial crisis : evidence from Latin America and Eastern Europe," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6195, The World Bank.

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