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"Lending by Example": Direct and Indirect Effects of Foreign Banks in Emerging Markets

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  • Giannetti, Mariassunta
  • Ongena, Steven

Abstract

Using a novel dataset that allows us to trace the primary bank relationships of a sample of mostly unlisted firms, we explore which borrowers are able to benefit from foreign bank presence in emerging markets. Our results suggest that the limits to financial integration are less tight than the static picture of bank-firm relationships implies. Even though foreign banks are more likely to engage large and foreign-owned firms, they do not terminate relationships with the clients of banks they acquire as often as domestic financial acquirers do. Most importantly, firms appear to have the same access to financial loans and ability to invest whether they borrow from a foreign bank or not. Since firms without bank relationships make lower use of financial loans, and invest less, our results suggest that by making relationships more stable and by indirectly enhancing access to the financial system, foreign banks may benefit all firms.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 6958.

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Date of creation: Sep 2008
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:6958

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Keywords: competition; emerging markets; foreign bank lending; lending relationships;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Brown, Martin & Ongena, Steven & Yesin, Pinar, 2009. "Foreign Currency Borrowing by Small Firms," CEPR Discussion Papers 7540, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Li L. Ong & Andrea M. Maechler, 2009. "Foreign Banks in the CESE Countries: In for a Penny, in for a Pound?," IMF Working Papers 09/54, International Monetary Fund.
  3. Degryse, H.A. & Havrylchyk, O. & Jurzyk, E. & Kozak, S., 2009. "Foreign Bank Entry and Credit Allocation in Emerging Markets," Discussion Paper 2009-94, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  4. Haselmann, Rainer & Wachtel, Paul, 2011. "Foreign banks in syndicated loan markets," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(10), pages 2679-2689, October.
  5. Brown, M. & Ongena, S. & Yesin, P., 2008. "Currency Denomination of Bank Loans: Evidence from Small Firms in Transition Countries," Discussion Paper 2008-16, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  6. Beck, T.H.L. & Ioannidou, V. & Schäfer, L., 2012. "Foreigners vs. Natives: Bank Lending Technologies and Loan Pricing," Discussion Paper 2012-055, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  7. Zuzana Fungáčová & Laura Solanko, 2009. "Risk-taking by Russian banks: Do location, ownership and size matter?," Chapters in SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
  8. Clarke, George R.G. & Cull, Robert & Kisunko, Gregory, 2012. "External finance and firm survival in the aftermath of the crisis : evidence from Eastern Europe and Central Asia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6050, The World Bank.
  9. Brown, M. & Ongena, S. & Popov, A. & Yesin, P., 2010. "Who Needs Credit and Who Gets Credit in Eastern Europe?," Discussion Paper 2010-50, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  10. Degryse, Hans & Havrylchyk, Olena & Jurzyk, Emilia & Kozak, Sylwester, 2012. "Foreign bank entry, credit allocation and lending rates in emerging markets: Empirical evidence from Poland," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 2949-2959.
  11. Giannetti, Mariassunta & Yafeh, Yishay, 2008. "Do Cultural Differences Between Contracting Parties Matter? Evidence from Syndicated Bank Loans," CEPR Discussion Papers 7020, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  12. Althammer, Wilhelm & Haselmann, Rainer, 2011. "Explaining foreign bank entrance in emerging markets," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(4), pages 486-498.

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