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Professional and trade associations in a nascent and formative sector of a developing economy: A case study of the NASSCOM effect on the Indian offshoring industry

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  • Kshetri, Nir
  • Dholakia, Nikhilesh

Abstract

As important sources that shape institutional structures in an economy, professional and trade associations play significant roles in bringing and legitimating institutional changes. This paper examines the roles of professional and trade associations' impacts on institutions associated with a nascent and formative sector of a developing economy. In empirical terms, the paper offers an in-depth case study of India's National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) on institutional changes related to the offshoring industry. The NASSCOM case shows that under appropriate conditions, professional and trade associations represent an alternative to the state in shaping the industry landscape.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of International Management.

Volume (Year): 15 (2009)
Issue (Month): 2 (June)
Pages: 225-239

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Handle: RePEc:eee:intman:v:15:y:2009:i:2:p:225-239

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Related research

Keywords: Offshoring industry Software Professional and trade associations NASSCOM National elite India;

References

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  1. Daniel Kaufmann & Aart Kraay & Massimo Mastruzzi, 2003. "Governance Matters III: Governance Indicators for 1996-2002," Development and Comp Systems 0308001, EconWPA.
  2. Kshetri, Nir & Ajami, Riad, 2008. "Institutional reforms in the Gulf Cooperation Council economies: A conceptual framework," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 300-318, September.
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  8. Audretsch, David B & Stephan, Paula E, 1996. "Company-Scientist Locational Links: The Case of Biotechnology," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 641-52, June.
  9. Xiaobai Shen, 2005. "A dilemma for developing countries in intellectual property strategy? Lessons from a case study of software piracy and Microsoft in China," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 32(3), pages 187-198, June.
  10. Greif, Avner, 1993. "Contract Enforceability and Economic Institutions in Early Trade: the Maghribi Traders' Coalition," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(3), pages 525-48, June.
  11. Jorge Niosi & Marc Banik, 2005. "The evolution and performance of biotechnology regional systems of innovation," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 29(3), pages 343-357, May.
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  13. John Humphrey & Hubert Schmitz, 1998. "Trust and inter-firm relations in developing and transition economies," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(4), pages 32-61.
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Cited by:
  1. Schmeisser, Bjoern, 2013. "A Systematic Review of Literature on Offshoring of Value Chain Activities," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 390-406.
  2. Lahiri, Somnath & Kedia, Ben L., 2011. "Co-evolution of institutional and organizational factors in explaining offshore outsourcing," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 252-263, June.
  3. Tsang, Eric W.K., 2013. "Case study methodology: causal explanation, contextualization, and theorizing," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 195-202.

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