Governance Matters III: Governance Indicators for 1996-2002
AbstractThis paper presents estimates of six dimensions of governance covering 199 countries and territories for four time periods: 1996, 1998, 2000, and 2002. These indicators are based on several hundred individual variables measuring perceptions of governance, drawn from 25 separate data sources constructed by 18 different organizations. We assign these individual measures of governance to categories capturing key dimensions of governance, and use an unobserved components model to construct six aggregate governance indicators in each of the four periods. We present the point estimates of the dimensions of governance as well as the margins of errors for each country for the four periods. The governance indicators reported here are an update and expansion of our previous work, part of a research project on indicators initiated in 1998 (Kaufmann, Kraay and Zoido-Lobatón 1999a,b and 2002). We also address various methodological issues, including the interpretation and use of the data given the estimated margins of errors. The data, as well as a web-based graphical interface, are available at www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance/govdata2002/.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by EconWPA in its series Macroeconomics with number 0308006.
Length: 116 pages
Date of creation: 26 Aug 2003
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Governance; Rule of Law; Transparency; Indicators; Data; Empirical; Corruption; Government Effectiveness; Regulatory Quality; Aggregate; Voice; Accountability; Political Stability; Graft; Development; Violence; Crime;
Other versions of this item:
- Daniel Kaufmann & Aart Kraay & Massimo Mastruzzi, 2003. "Governance Matters III: Governance Indicators for 1996-2002," Development and Comp Systems 0308001, EconWPA.
- E00 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - General
- H00 - Public Economics - - General - - - General
- O10 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
- C1 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General
- C3 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables
- C42 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Survey Methods
- C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation
- D8 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty
- H4 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods
- K0 - Law and Economics - - General
- K2 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law
- K4 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2003-08-31 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAW-2003-08-31 (Law & Economics)
- NEP-MIC-2003-08-31 (Microeconomics)
- NEP-PBE-2003-08-31 (Public Economics)
- NEP-POL-2003-08-31 (Positive Political Economics)
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