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The Knowledge Spillover Theory of Entrepreneurship

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  • Zoltan J. Acs

    ()

  • David B. Audretsch

    ()

  • Pontus Braunerhjelm
  • Bo Carlsson

Abstract

Contemporary theories of entrepreneurship generally focus on the decision-making context of the individual. The recognition of opportunities and the decision to commercialize them is the focal concern. While the prevalent view in the entrepreneurship literature is that opportunities are exogenous, the most prevalent theory of innovation in the economics literature suggests that opportunities are endogenous. This paper bridges the gap between the entrepreneurship and economic literature on opportunity by developing a knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship. The basic argument is that knowledge created endogenously via R&D results in knowledge spillovers. Such spillovers give rise to opportunities to be identified and exploited by entrepreneurs. Our results show that there is a strong relationship between knowledge spillovers and new venture creation.

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Paper provided by Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group in its series Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy with number 2005-27.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:esi:egpdis:2005-27

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Keywords: Opportunity; knowledge; entrepreneurship; management science;

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