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Locational Conditions, Cooperation, and Innovativeness: Evidence from Research and Company Spin-offs

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  • Anna Lejpras
  • Andreas Stephan

Abstract

This paper has two goals. First, it analyzes the extent to which the innovativeness of spin-offs, either born from a research facility or from another company, is influenced by locational conditions. Second, it provides evidence on how important local cooperation links are in comparison to nonlocal ones. Using a sample of approximately 1,500 East German firms from knowledge-intensive sectors, we estimate a structural equation model applying the partial least squares method. We find that proximity to local research institutes and universities is the most influential factor for the cooperation intensity of spin-offs. Furthermore, the higher the cooperation intensity, the greater the innovativeness of a firm. Moreover, the results indicate that it is not the local but the nonlocal cooperation ties that are more conducive to innovativeness of research spin-offs. The findings also highlight that the innovativeness of research spin-offs with solely local links is strongly depends on support from various authorities and institutions.

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File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.87025.de/dp804.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its series Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin with number 804.

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Length: 29 p.
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp804

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Keywords: Research and Company Spin-Offs; Locational Conditions; Cooperation Intensity; Innovativeness; Structural Equation Modeling; Partial Least Squares Approach;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Jens Horbach, 2014. "Do eco-innovations need specific regional characteristics? An econometric analysis for Germany," Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer, Springer, vol. 34(1), pages 23-38, February.
  2. Anna Lejpras, 2012. "Knowledge, Location, and Internationalization: Empirical Evidence for Manufacturing SMEs," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1229, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  3. Elisabeth Mueller, 2014. "Entrepreneurs from low-skilled immigrant groups in knowledge-intensive industries: company characteristics, survival and innovative performance," Small Business Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 42(4), pages 871-889, April.
  4. DAUTEL Vincent & WALTHER Olivier, 2011. "The geography of innovation in the Luxembourg metropolitan region: an intra-regional approach," CEPS/INSTEAD Working Paper Series 2011-38, CEPS/INSTEAD.
  5. Stephan, Andreas, 2012. "Are Research Spin-Offs More Innovative? Evidence from a Matching Analysis," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies 287, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  6. Mediha Sahin & Peter Nijkamp & Roger Stough, 2011. "Impact of urban conditions on firm performance of migrant entrepreneurs: a comparative Dutch–US study," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, Springer, vol. 46(3), pages 661-689, June.
  7. Horbach, Jens, 2013. "Do eco-innovations need specific regional characteristics? An econometric analysis for Germany," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association 79927, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  8. Anna Lejpras, 2012. "How Innovative Are Spin-offs at Later Stages of Development?: Comparing Innovativeness of Established Research Spin-offs and Otherwise Created Firms," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1237, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  9. Fryges, Helmut & Müller, Bettina & Niefert, Michaela, 2013. "Job machine, think tank, or both: What makes corporate spinoffs different?," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 13-093, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  10. Charlotta Mellander & Richard Florida, 2011. "Creativity, talent, and regional wages in Sweden," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, Springer, vol. 46(3), pages 637-660, June.
  11. H. Fryges & M. Wright, 2013. "The origin of spin-offs – A typology of corporate and academic spin-offs," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration 13/864, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.

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