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Rebound and disinvestment effects in refined oil consumption and supply resulting from an increase in energy efficiency in the Scottish commercial transport sector

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  • Anson, Sam
  • Turner, Karen

Abstract

In this paper, we use an energy-economy-environment computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of the Scottish economy to examine the impacts of an exogenous increase in energy augmenting technological progress in the domestic commercial Transport sector on the supply and use of energy. We focus our analysis on Scottish refined oil, as the main type of energy input used in commercial transport activity. We find that a 5% increase in energy efficiency in the commercial Transport sector leads to rebound effects in the use of oil-based energy commodities in all time periods, in the target sector and at the economy-wide level. However, our results also suggest that such an efficiency improvement may cause a contraction in capacity in the Scottish refined oil supply sector. This 'disinvestment effect' acts as a constraint on the size of rebound effects. However, the magnitude of rebound effects and presence of the disinvestment effect in the simulations conducted here are sensitive to the specification of key elasticities of substitution in the nested production function for the target sector, particularly the substitutability of energy for non-energy intermediate inputs to production.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

Volume (Year): 37 (2009)
Issue (Month): 9 (September)
Pages: 3608-3620

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Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:37:y:2009:i:9:p:3608-3620

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enpol

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Keywords: General equilibrium Energy efficiency Rebound effects;

References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Turner, Karen & Hanley, Nick, 2011. "Energy efficiency, rebound effects and the environmental Kuznets Curve," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 709-720, September.
  2. Turner, Karen, 2012. "'Rebound' effects from increased energy efficiency: a time to pause and reflect," Stirling Economics Discussion Papers 2012-15, University of Stirling, Division of Economics.
  3. Gilmartin, Michelle & McGregor, Peter G & Swales, J Kim & Turner, Karen, 2011. "An integrated IO and CGE approach to analysing changes in environmental trade balances," Stirling Economics Discussion Papers 2011-04, University of Stirling, Division of Economics.
  4. Lecca, Patrizio & Swales, Kim & Turner, Karen, 2011. "An investigation of issues relating to where energy should enter the production function," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 2832-2841.
  5. Jensen, Christa D. & McIntyre, Stuart & Turner, Karen & Munday, Max, 2009. "Responsibility for regional waste generation: A single region extended input-output analysis with uni-directional trade flows," SIRE Discussion Papers 2009-58, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
  6. Koesler, Simon & Swales, Kim & Turner, Karen, 2014. "Beyond national economy-wide rebound effects: An applied general equilibrium analysis incorporating international spillover effects," ZEW Discussion Papers 14-025, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

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